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Vocabulary 3_V3 - Religion 44 Buddhism Vocabulary Sheet#3...

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Religion 44: Buddhism Vocabulary Sheet #3 December 1, 2009 Amit ā bha/Amit ā yus: Buddha of Infinite Light/Infinite Live; Buddha of the Western Pure Land, whose salvific power allows sentient beings to be reborn in his purified buddhafield A ś oka: Indian ruler who reigned during the height of the Mauryan empire approximately 100 years after the death of Śā kyamuni. (Reigned c. 268-239 b.c.e.) Avalokite ś vara: “the capable one who looks down,” the bodhisattva of compassion; the bodhisattva who constantly watches over all sentient beings with compassion Bodh Gay ā : site where Siddh ā rtha achieved full awakening bodhicitta: “the Mind of Enlightenment” or “Awakening Mind”; the aspiration to become a Buddha and to save all beings from suffering bodhisattvay ā na: bodhisattva vehicle; the principle practice is the six perfections buddhak etra: a buddhafield; a purified realm created through the merit of a bodhisattva’s practice and the power of his vow to achieve buddhahood determined/undetermined (ney ā rtha/n ī t ā rta): two types of teaching, one that expresses the unadulterated, ultimate truth (determined), the other expressing the teaching in a manner that requires further interpretation (undetermined) Dharm ā kara: the name of the bodhisattva who, under Loke ś var ā ja Buddha, vowed to achieve buddhahood as Amit ā bha dharmas: derived from the root dh , to bear; refers to that which bears its own entity, i. e., fundamental existents or phenomena that are irreducible to anything else First Council: took place at R ā jg ha. According to traditional accounts the redaction of the s ū tra and vinaya occurred at this council. Five Theses of Mah ā deva: five theses about the nature of the arhat traditionally attributed to the schismatic monk, Mah ā deva. The five theses are: (1) an arhat can be seduced by another, i.e., an arhat can have erotic dreams and nocturnal emissionsan arhat; (2) an arhat can be
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