REL44_Study_Sheet1

REL44_Study_Sheet1 - Religion 44 Buddhist Traditions Vocabulary Sheet 1 jvakas those without livelihood a diverse group of mendicant ascetics who

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Religion 44, Buddhist Traditions: Vocabulary Sheet 1 Ā j ī vakas : “those without livelihood”; a diverse group of mendicant ascetics who denied karmic cause and effect Ā r ā a K ā l ā ma/ Āḷā ra K ā l ā ma : teacher who taught Śā kyamuni about the meditative plane of nothingness arhat/arahat : one who destroys all illusion and attains nirv āṇ a asceticism ā tman : the underlying Self that is the essence of all beings; the vital, generative force in all beings; the microcosmic homologue to brahman Bodh Gay ā : the place where Śā kyamuni achieved enlightenment bodhi (S/P): enlightenment bodhisattva/bodhisatta : one who vows to accept Buddhahood only when all beings have achieved salvation; also refers to the previous lives of Śā kyamuni brahman : the all-pervading absolute that is the origin and support of the whole universe Brahmin : the priestly class responsible for memorizing the Vedas and conducting Vedic sacrifices buddha : (S/P): “one who has awakened” Deer Park (M gad ā va) : Six miles north of Benares in the district of S ā rn ā th, where Śā kyamuni preached his first sermon, setting in motion the Wheel of the Law Dharma/Dhamma : The law/teaching of the Buddha; Truth; Morality du kha/dukkha
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2010 for the course RELIGION 43 taught by Professor Prasad,l during the Fall '08 term at Duke.

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REL44_Study_Sheet1 - Religion 44 Buddhist Traditions Vocabulary Sheet 1 jvakas those without livelihood a diverse group of mendicant ascetics who

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