Vocab3 - Religion 44: Buddhism Vocabulary Sheet #3...

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Religion 44: Buddhism Vocabulary Sheet #3 Amitåbha/Amitåyus: Buddha of Infinite Light/Infinite Live; Buddha of the Western Pure Land, whose salvific power allows sentient beings to be reborn in his purified buddhafield Aßoka: Indian ruler who reigned during the height of the Mauryan empire approximately 100 years after the death of Íåkyamuni. (Reigned c. 268-239 B . C . E .) Avalokiteßvara: “the capable one who looks down,” the bodhisattva of compassion; the bodhisattva who constantly watches over all sentient beings with compassion Bodh Gayå: site where Siddhårtha achieved full awakening bodhicitta : “the Mind of Enlightenment” or “Awakening Mind”; the aspiration to become a Buddha and to save all beings from suffering bodhisattvayåna : bodhisattva vehicle; the principle practice is the six perfections buddhak∑etra : a buddhafield; a purified realm created through the merit of a bodhisattva’s practice and the power of his vow to achieve buddhahood determined/undetermined ( neyårtha/n¥tårta ): two types of teaching, one that expresses the unadulterated, ultimate truth (determined), the other expressing the teaching in a manner that requires further interpretation (undetermined) Dharmåkara: the name of the bodhisattva who, under Lokeßvaråja Buddha, vowed to achieve buddhahood as Amitåbha dharmas : derived from the root dh® , to bear; refers to that which bears its own entity, i. e., fundamental existents or phenomena that are irreducible to anything else First Council: took place at Råjg®ha. According to traditional accounts the redaction of the s¨tra and vinaya occurred at this council. Five Theses of Mahådeva: five theses about the nature of the arhat traditionally attributed to the schismatic monk, Mahådeva. The five theses are: (1) an arhat can be seduced by another, i.e., an arhat can have erotic dreams and nocturnal emissionsan arhat; (2) an arhat can be subject to ignorance; (3) an arhat may be subject to doubt as to whether
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2010 for the course RELIGION 43 taught by Professor Prasad,l during the Fall '08 term at Duke.

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Vocab3 - Religion 44: Buddhism Vocabulary Sheet #3...

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