1. Should any bhikkhu — participating in the training and livelihood of the bhikkhus, without
having renounced the training, without having declared his weakness — engage in the sexual act,
even with a female animal, he is defeated and no longer in communion.
Should any bhikkhu, in the manner of stealing, take what is not given from an inhabited area
or from the wilderness — just as when, in the taking of what is not given, kings arresting the
criminal would flog, imprison, or banish him, saying, "You are a robber, you are a fool, you are
benighted, you are a thief" — a bhikkhu in the same way taking what is not given is defeated and
no longer in communion.
Should any bhikkhu intentionally deprive a human being of life, or search for an assassin for
him, or praise the advantages of death, or incite him to die (thus): "My good man, what use is
this wretched, miserable life to you? Death would be better for you than life," or with such an
idea in mind, such a purpose in mind, should in various ways praise the advantages of death or
incite him to die, he also is defeated and no longer in communion.