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Schwalbe 4th ed. Study Questions-1

Schwalbe 4th ed. Study Questions-1 - LEARNING FACILITATION...

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LEARNING FACILITATION QUESTIONS FOR THE SOCIOLOGICALLY EXAMINED LIFE, 4 th ed Preface 1. Schwalbe refers to The Sociologically Examined Life (TSEL) as a(an) anti text. 2. One of Schwalbe’s goals is to help readers learn to see their feelings as data . 3. If a person is thinking sociologically, who does that person blame for racism ? Sexism ? Capitalism ? Oneself 4. If we want change, what is the best strategy to pursue ? Work with others who share our values and goals 5. Can an individual make a difference in changing the world ? No, but an individual can be a catalyst for change. Chapter 1 1. Why bother being sociologically mindful ? Schwalbe answer to this question is based on 3 beliefs. What are these 3 beliefs ? 1. A good life can only be had in a society that is peaceful, cooperative, egalitarian, and minimally regimented. 2. Everyone has an equal right to a good life, and no one should enjoy power and privilege at the expense of others. 3. Because human lives are intertwined, we are all obliged to consider how our actions affect others, especially their chances of having a good life. 2. What does Schwalbe say about telling racist jokes ? People can be hurt in the long run because the joke can reinforce beliefs that some people are stupid, vain, immoral, or inferior. 3. Why is it important to understand how others’ circumstances differ from our own ? We are more likely to show compassion for them and to grant them the respect they deserve as human beings. 4. Is sociological mindfulness common ? Or rare ? Rare. 5. What 7 reasons does Schwalbe give for why many people do not practice sociological mindfulness ? 1. It doesn’t seem like a lot of fun (boring). 2. seems like it won’t matter. 3. American individualism/independence. 4. desire for money and status preoccupy us. 5. fear the loss of security that comes from questioning the beliefs that we grew up with. 6. Angry at those who abuse us and lose all sympathy for others worse off. 7. we prefer not to reflect on how we participate in oppressing others because it makes us feel guilty/sad. 6. How does individualism affect sociological mindfulness ? It inhibits sociological mindfulness by blinding us to our interdependence to others. 7. According to Schwalbe, why are people bound to disagree ? Because people see and experience different things in life. 8. How can being sociologically mindful help us avoid destructive disagreements ? We will want to compare our knowledge to others’ because we realize that we have limited knowledge. 9. What question does Schwalbe ask when a student criticizes an argument he makes in TSEL as “liberal ? Does applying a political label to an argument make the argument right or wrong?
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10. In classical political theory, what is a conservative ? What is a liberal ? A liberal is someone who believes that we should use the power of human reason to continually improve society. Conservatives believe in preserving existing social relationships.
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