Hesoid born in
ascra , brother perces
Hesiod had the choice to choose which tradition to follow and when.
First there is chaos space in which the creation takes place
Gaia is earth, ouranos(sky), mountains and sea
Tartaros the underworld.
father of all monsters, gaias first son fathered by tartaros
Zeus finally defeats cronos at the battle titanomachy(titans)
Titans were thrown into tartaros
Zeus defeats Typhoios and begins a list of divine marriages
which the continuing mating with other gods shows the evolution of the universe
9Muses daughters of zeus and memmory– cleio, euterpe, thaleia, melpomene, terpsichore, erato,
polyhymnia, ourania, calliop.
Sing to gods, to praise the gods and entertain zeus.
From the abyss erobos and darknight, night had sex with erobos gave birth to aether and day.
Earths first child ouranos- heaven
Earth slept with oranous and bore the ocean with its deep currents, also Coios, Crios, Hyperion,
Iapetos, Theia, Rheia, Themis, Mnemosyne, gold-crowned Phoibe, tethys, and cronos.
Ocean bore nymph monster, echidna who mated with typhaon. And gave birth to orthos,cerberos,hydra.
Battle of the titans
Gaia and Ouranos have three children, give birth to cronos, later give birth to cyclopses
(brontes,steropes,arges) ournos hid in caves and later gaia convinced them to have revenge against their
father.(thunderbolts) three other sons were born they were strong hulking creature had 100 hands stuck
out of their shoulders and 50 heads (cottos,briaeros,gyges) ournos made them live underground in pain
but the son of cronos took earths advice and let them back into the light.Zeus gave them what gods eat
and it gave them strenght.
Approaches to myth(methods of studying myth)
rationalizes myths as metaphors for human behaviour and customs
christian old testament/ hebrew torah mesopatamian epic (gilgamesh) indian epic the
from different cultures in an attempt to identify shared themes and characteristics.
connection between religious rituals and mythology
sigmund freud used mythic stories to demonstrate his theories on human mental
development and the effects of the personal unconsciousness
: here myths are seen as characters of social customs and beliefs often dealing with
the analysis of myths into component parts.