lecture10 - Lecture 10: Happiness and Aquinas September 27,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 10: Happiness and Aquinas September 27, 2010
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Review: All beings aim at the good All things act towards an end or goal, even beings without an intellect but which are in motion or an activity = teleology. There is also a final end or the end beyond which the being seeks nothing else. All beings—every action or motion in the world—aims, in some way, at what is good, adequate or proper. All things tend towards being, towards continued existence, which is good, is a sort of perfection. Intelligent beings determine the end of their actions for themselves (freedom), but they only do so insofar as they consider “the rational character of the good.” The end of all things is to become like God, to achieve that level of perfection available to it: whether that is mere existence, propogation of the species, or perfection of the intellect.
Background image of page 2
Human Action and the Good Truly human actions are those that are rationally directed acts of the will (free acts). The will contains two elements: it is first something like a compass that orients us towards the good (rational appetite). But it is also the power of choice and action. – It is important to see this: the will has something like an innate tendency to strive towards the good. – But this does not work like an instinct: we still have to rationally select the correct end and act on it. Non-human things also strive towards the good through instinct and therefore are not free or rational. Aquinas believes that all of nature has embedded within it purposes or ends towards which it is all operating. – We believed that objects only have a “form” (only existed!) insofar as they had a function that gives them a end and a moving force that organizes and directs them.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Someone asked me about criticisms of Aquinas… Aquinas’ view of nature as teleologically organized or organized around “purposes” or “final ends” has been rejected by modern science. Aquinas’ belief that the existence of God can be proven through reason alone has been, on the whole, rejected by all philosophers, including religious ones. However, because we are interested in learning about his MORAL THEORY
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

lecture10 - Lecture 10: Happiness and Aquinas September 27,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online