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3 - WANG KN(KING TAEJO a identify and explain first king of...

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WANG KÔN (KING T’AEJO) a) identify and explain: - first king of koryo c) significance - when silla starts to fall apart, people began to identify themselves as “later paekche” and “later koguyo” as if to say that they were descendents of these early kingdoms - wang kon was head of “later koguyo” his army beat out the “later paekche” army leads to fall of unified silla and the foundation to this new koryo dynasty - by calling themselves koryo, they are claiming to be decendents of koguryo affects the future when korea becomes the offical name of the nation (since the name comes from korguyo or koryo) d) relation to other key terms: o unified silla o historicism vs. presentism GEOMANCY b) identify and explain: - the idea is that if you locate things in the right place, it’ll bring good fortune - energy flows through landscape e) significance - decides where the capital should be - when taejo takes over the koryo dynasty, the first thing he does is relocate the caital - remember back to the rebellions. One of them was called myochong. What happened was that myonchong was a monk who started priesting a mystical religion and would tell fortunes. At the same time he was attached to another political fraction who had a geographical center in the pyeongnang area. In the midst of all of this, mychong starts arguing that the geometric properties of pyeongnang make it the right place for the capital he’s arguing that the capital should be around the place where his divisional faction’s epicenter was. So the army went to deal with it. - people still do it f) relation to other key terms: o blahhhh MYOCH’ONG c) identify and explain: - blahh g) significance - ddld h) relation to other key terms: o blahhhh LOCAL OFFICIALS (LOCAL VS. CENTRAL POWER) d) identify and explain: - “the interface” - i) significance - the 12 provinces of korea were established - an offical was sent from Kaesong (then capital) to the local provinces/powers/forces
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- the officals traded spots every so often as to reduce political sidings can’t have officals siding with “their” towns j) relation to other key terms: o blahhhh CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATIONS e) identify and explain: - comes from Confucianism - emerges as a way to decide for which aristocrats will get jobs - aristocrats who performed the best in the examinations got the jobs - tested on both Confucianism ideals and other practical ideals such as astronomy k) significance - remains important in future dynasties: choson period l) relation to other key terms: o blahhhh CONFUCIANISM f) identify and explain: - mainly arose in koryo (never really became a social order that affected every household just yet) - mostly an aristocractic ideology or philosphy m)
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