Final exam review.docx - Final exam review _ 14. Patients...

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Final exam review____14.Patients with allergic rhinitis may benefit from a prescription of:1.Fluticasone (Flonase)2.Cetirizine (Zyrtec)3.OTC cromolyn nasal spray (Nasalcrom)4.Any of the above
____18.Decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed):
What drug therapy could a provider select to administer to a client seeking treatment forrhinosinusitis?
Second-generation antihistamines such as loratadine (Claritin) are prescribed for seasonalallergies because they:
OTC cromolyn nasal spray (Nasalcrom)All of the aboveNonpharmacological therapy includes increasing fluid intake, using nonmedicated cough drops,nasal saline spray/drops to decrease viscosity of nasal secretions, and rest.Anorexia is often associated with the common cold and fluids may need to be forced to maintainhydration.Infants who are congested cannot breathe and feed at the same time causing fluid intake to beinadequate.Nasal suctioning may be required to clear secretions.Oral decongestants are used for the temporary relief of nasal congestion from the common cold,sinus infections, and allergic rhinitis.They may be used to promote nasal or sinus drainage andare also indicated in the relief of eustachian tube congestion.Pseudoephedrine for those over 4 y/oViral URI (the common cold) are self-limiting and require no treatment, the goal is relievingirritating symptoms, specifically nasal congestion.ANTIBIOTICS HAVE NO PLACE IN THE TREATMENT OF VIRAL URIs.They can causeantimicrobial resistances to secondary bacterial infections.Antihistamines have not been shown to change the course of the common cold.But many OTCmedications contain antihistamines, most likely for their “drying out” effect.Decongestants are the mainstay treatment for the common cold (systemic or topical).Tylenol/Ibuprofen/ASA can be given for fever and malaise.Topical decongestants are safe for 3 consecutive days of use.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Christy McCall
Tags
Pharmacology, Calcium channel blocker

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