Lecture Notes - A bnormal Psychology I. Abnormality- no...

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Abnormal Psychology I. Abnormality- no common definition Elements: suffering, deviancy, violations of social standards, social discomfort, irrationality, and unpredictability A. DSM-IV Desccirbes behavioral or psychological syndromes and pattererns Asso. with distress or disability; not simply a predicted or culturally sanctioned response to a particular event Considered to reflect behavior, psychological or biological dysfunction of the individual B. Why Classify Disorders? Provides nomenclature and allows structure Social and political implications Class disorders, not people; can lead to reductionism and generic treatment C. Disadvantages of Classifications Loss of info, stigma, stereotypes, labeling can impact self-concept, labels keep changing D. How does culture affect what is considered abnormal Influence presentation of disorders found everywhere Certain forms of psychopathology are highly culture-specific E. How common are disorders? Significant question for planning, estimating and funding Gives clues to causes
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Epidemiology- study of distribution of diseases, disorders, or health related behaviors in a given population F. Prevalence and Incidence Prevalence- # of active cases in a population during a period of time; usually a % Incidence- # of new cases “…”; tells how fast spreading; usually lower than prevalence figure because they exclude existing cases G. Prevalence Estimation for Mental Disorders DSM-IV says 46.4% Most prev is anxiety disorders, followed by mood disorders Most common individual disorders are major depressive disorder, alcohol abuse, phobias, and conduct disorders Comorbidity (multiple disorders) rates are high esp when a person has serious disorders H. Treatment Not all receive treatment- some handle it on own Most done as outpatient Impatient are admitted to psychiatric units of hospitals I. Mental Health Professionals Different types play different roles Gather data to evaluate situation J. Types of Mental Health Professionals Clinical psychologist- trained in clinical and research techniques
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to avoid misconception and error we must apodt a ascientific approach Eliminate observer bias Distinguish btwn observation and interference L. Case studies a specific individ observes and described in detail subject to bias of the author Low generalizability M. Self-report data Asking participants to provide info about themselves; interviews/questionnaires N. Two types of interviews Structured diagnostic interview- booklet of questions that assessor uses in structured manner Unstructured Clinical Interview O. Observational approaches Collecting info without directly asking for it Observing outward behavior Biological variables; use of technology P. Sampling and generalization Who would researchers include in a study? o
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Lecture Notes - A bnormal Psychology I. Abnormality- no...

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