Review Sheet --- PSYC 2004, Exam 1
Kurt A. Hoffman
The exam will be 50 multiple choice questions.
Here’s a list of what you need to know…
: Know and understand everything
Also know the material from Chapters 1, 2 (pp. 25-28), and 10 regardless of whether I
discussed it in class.
Know everything about, and all examples relevant to, the following topics…
What psychology is
the science of behavior and mental processes
-science: approach to knowledge based on systematic observation
-behavior: directly observable and measurable actions
-mental processes: private psychological activities that include thinking,
perceiving, and feeling.
What psychologists do—jobs (‘rule’ of thirds, I/O psychology defined)
clinicians: psychiatrist and clinical psychologists
-Rule of Thirds: 33% for clinicians, academics
, and administrators
Psychology vs. psychiatry, basic vs. applied
-psychiatrists: M.D., had residency in psychiatry, licensed to prescribe drugs.
-psychologists: PH D. or Psy. D., completed internship, probably not licensed
to prescribe drugs, some are counselors, with an M.A. or M.S.
-Basic psychology: using the scientific method to gain knowledge about topics
in psychology (to satisfy curiosity, learn more.)
-Applied Psychology: using knowledge to solve and prevent human problems.
End of chapter 1—basic tenets that all psychologists agree on
History --- Aristotle, the early psychology labs, methods, and perspectives
-psyche: essence of life (energy within oneself)
-unlike Plato, who thought we could understand merely through
thought (Plato figure out by thinking about it)
Aristotle emphasized importance of observing and experiencing the
--important for science, since it’s based on observing
--important for psychology, especially learning research
: first psychology lab in Germany
-liked structuralism (immediate conscious experience): describing the
basic fundamental nature of experiencing things