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Exam 1 Review Sheet 2010 (3) (2)

Exam 1 Review Sheet 2010 (3) (2) - Review Sheet PSYC 2004...

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Review Sheet --- PSYC 2004, Exam 1 Kurt A. Hoffman The exam will be 50 multiple choice questions. Here’s a list of what you need to know… Short version : Know and understand everything from class. Also know the material from Chapters 1, 2 (pp. 25-28), and 10 regardless of whether I discussed it in class. Expanded version : Know everything about, and all examples relevant to, the following topics… Background What psychology is - the science of behavior and mental processes -science: approach to knowledge based on systematic observation -behavior: directly observable and measurable actions -mental processes: private psychological activities that include thinking, perceiving, and feeling. What psychologists do—jobs (‘rule’ of thirds, I/O psychology defined) -jobs -- clinicians: psychiatrist and clinical psychologists -Rule of Thirds: 33% for clinicians, academics , and administrators in organizations Psychology vs. psychiatry, basic vs. applied -psychiatrists: M.D., had residency in psychiatry, licensed to prescribe drugs. -psychologists: PH D. or Psy. D., completed internship, probably not licensed to prescribe drugs, some are counselors, with an M.A. or M.S. -Basic psychology: using the scientific method to gain knowledge about topics in psychology (to satisfy curiosity, learn more.) -Applied Psychology: using knowledge to solve and prevent human problems. End of chapter 1—basic tenets that all psychologists agree on History --- Aristotle, the early psychology labs, methods, and perspectives -Aristotle: 4 th century bc, -psyche: essence of life (energy within oneself) -unlike Plato, who thought we could understand merely through thought (Plato figure out by thinking about it) Aristotle emphasized importance of observing and experiencing the world --important for science, since it’s based on observing --important for psychology, especially learning research -Wilhelm Wundt : first psychology lab in Germany -liked structuralism (immediate conscious experience): describing the basic fundamental nature of experiencing things
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-used introspection: self description, reading behavior outside of conscious awareness -Max Wertheimer : gestalt psychology- school of thought based on the belief that human consciousness cannot be broken down into its elements -phi phenomenon: perception of apparent movement between two stationary stimuli. - J Henry Alston -Structuralist -Heat/ cold receptors (separate/different Intense heat for both -African American (1 st in APA journal): American Psych Association -William James : functionalism (how the mind works)- the useful functions of consciousness; American 6 current psychological perspectives -Psychoanalytic: Freud (focused on sex, dream analysis, past experiences relate to what their thoughts and feelings are presently, someone's experiences that he/she doesn’t even realize, the UNCONSCIOUS, clinical problems due to unconscious conflicts) -Behaviorist: Skinner - focus on observable behavior, behavior changes through learning, ran rats thro mazes, had pigeons in skinner boxes, if you are rewarded for a behavior you will continue to do that behavior. Also
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