Lecture 2 - I. II. III. IV. Psychologys Early History,...

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I. Psychology’s Early History, cont. II. The Diversity of Psychology: 6 Perspectives III. Basic Tenets of Psychology: Where We Agree IV. Psychology As a Science A. Expanding on What We Already Know B. The Scientific Method --- ‘OHDAC’ C. An Example NOTE: For Chapter 2 (Research Methods), you are only responsible for pp. 25-28.
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A Brief History The Beginning Wilhelm Wundt (1832 – 1920): 1 st psychology lab, in Germany Emphasized structuralism -- study of the structure of immediate conscious experience Used introspection -- self-examination of mental processes William James (1842 – 1910): American Emphasized functionalism -- study of how the mind works, and why we behave/think the way we do Increased emphasis on behavior , and on practical applications of psychology
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A Brief History J. Henry Alston A structuralist, who in 1920 wrote how we sense heat/cold-- separate receptors for each We feel intense heat when both receptor types stimulated, like when touching wrapped warm and cold water pipes First African American published in an APA journal Max Wertheimer, Gestalt Psychology (late 1800s-about 1940) Thought structuralism had too narrow a focus Attempt to look at the WHOLE, the entirety of a person’s
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Lecture 2 - I. II. III. IV. Psychologys Early History,...

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