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lecture 3_Sinews of Civilization COMPASS

lecture 3_Sinews of Civilization COMPASS - WRITING SHU...

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WRITING: The Sinews of East Asian Civilization SHU      SO      SHO  (Chinese)       (Korean) (Japanese) © R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010
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‘Earliest Writing’ found in China:  BBC Science, 17  April 2003 © R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 Tortoise shells with  incised markings Symbol for ‘eye’  in Jiahu  inscriptions Inscriptions found on tortoise shells in site  from ca. 6,800 BCE—2,000 years earlier  than oldest Mesopotamian writing. BUT : Is  this writing  or non-language ‘symbols for  things?’
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What is ‘Writing?’ ‘Writing is a method of representing language in visual or  tactile form. Writing systems use sets of symbols to represent  the sounds of speech . . . .’  —from Omniglot.com  © R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 Writing: ‘a visual means of recording language .’   from Britishmuseum.org Rt: Mesopotamian clay tablet records food  supplies in pictographic format, ca. 3,000 BCE
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Chinese 'Characters' Numbers 1-10   – fl / + 2 5 ¿ * œ 20 & 30 ł º ‰ ł º ‰ 100  1,000  10,000 100,000,0000 ł (10 8 326,745,819: 2 9 v & 3        2          6    ,   7        4    5      , 8       1(0)  9 © R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010
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Chinese 'Characters' Meaning Classifiers ('radicals' (ren: man; person)   ¨ 0 5 ¿ “ * ren: 'humanity' ¨ 5 ¿ “ * [shan] xian: 'hermit'; 'mountain recluse' 5 ¿ “ * [zhuan] zhuan:  'tell'; 'transmit' mouth kou words coming out yan 'speech'; 'to speak' ¨ 0 5 ¿ “ [wu] wu  first-person pronoun='I'; 'me' ¨ 0 5 ¿ “ [wu] yu 'to say'; 'to narrate'; 'language' Phonetic Elements wu / 2 etc. , zhuan 2 , © R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010
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Chinese 'Characters' Numbers 1-10   – fl / + P 1 5 ¿ * œ 20/30 ( º ‰ /   ( º ‰ 100  1,000  10,000 Meaning Classifiers ('radicals' (ren: man; person)   X 1 5 ¿ “ * ren: 'humanity' X 5 ¿ “ * [shan] xian: 'hermit'; 'mountain recluse' ( ‰ “ * [zhuan] zhuan:  'tell'; 'transmit' mouth kou words coming out yan 'speech'; 'to speak' X 1 5 ¿ “ [wu] wu  first-person pronoun='I'; 'me' X 1 5 ¿ “ [wu] yu 'to say'; 'to narrate'; 'language' Phonetic Elements wu p / 2 etc. , zhuan 2 , © R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010
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Analects , 1.1 2 1.2: Chinese & English Master/ said: learn/ and/ timely/  put into  practice/ it/ not/ again/ joy/ ?/ Have/ friend/ from/ far/ quarters/ comes/ not/  again/ delight/?
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