lecture 3_Sinews of Civilization COMPASS

lecture 3_Sinews of Civilization COMPASS - WRITING: The...

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Unformatted text preview: WRITING: The Sinews of East Asian Civilization  �    �  SHU SO SHO (Chinese) (Korean)  � (Japanese) ©R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 ‘Earliest Writing’ found in China: BBC Science, 17 April 2003 ©R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 Tortoise shells with incised markings Symbol for ‘eye’ in Jiahu inscriptions Inscriptions found on tortoise shells in site from ca. 6,800 BCE—2,000 years earlier than oldest Mesopotamian writing. BUT : Is this writing or non-language ‘symbols for things?’ What is ‘Writing?’ ‘Writing is a method of representing language in visual or tactile form. Writing systems use sets of symbols to represent the sounds of speech . . . .’ —from Omniglot.com ©R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 Writing: ‘a visual means of recording language .’ — from Britishmuseum.org Rt: Mesopotamian clay tablet records food supplies in pictographic format, ca. 3,000 BCE Chinese 'Characters' Numbers 1-10 ˜ – 
 fl / + � �  2 5 ¿ “ * � � ‘ œ • 20 & 30 ł º Ý ‰ ł º Ý ‰ 100  1,000  10,000  100,000,0000 ł � � (10 8 ) – 326,745,819: 2 9 v & 3 2 6 , 7 4 5 , 8 1(0) 9 ©R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 Chinese 'Characters' • Meaning Classifiers ('radicals' –  (ren: man; person) → • ¨ 0 5 ¿ “ * ren:  'humanity' • ¨ 5 ¿ “ * [shan]  xian:  'hermit'; 'mountain recluse' • ˜ 5 ¿ “ * [zhuan]  zhuan: 'tell'; 'transmit' –   mouth  kou •   � words coming out  yan 'speech'; 'to speak' • ¨ 0 5 ¿ “ [wu]  wu first-person pronoun='I'; 'me' • ¨ 0 5 ¿ “ [wu]  yu 'to say'; 'to narrate'; 'language' • Phonetic Elements –  wu → “ / 2 etc. – , zhuan 2 → , ©R.P. Toby, for exclusive use of students in HIST/EALC 120, UIUC, Fall 2010 Chinese 'Characters' • Numbers – 1-10 ˜ – 
 fl / + � � P 1 5 ¿ “ * � � ‘ œ • – 20/30 ( º Ý ‰ / ( º Ý ‰ – 100  1,000  10,000  � � � � � • Meaning Classifiers ('radicals' –  (ren: man; person) → • X 1 5 ¿ “ * ren:  'humanity' • X 5 ¿ “ * [shan]  xian:  'hermit'; 'mountain recluse' • ( Ý ‰ “ * [zhuan]  zhuan: 'tell'; 'transmit' –   mouth  kou •   � words coming out  yan 'speech'; 'to speak' • X 1 5 ¿ “ [wu] ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Kim,h during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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lecture 3_Sinews of Civilization COMPASS - WRITING: The...

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