PSY_Unit_2 - PERCEPTION \u25cf Empiricists vs Nativists \u25cb Empiricists kids are born knowing nothing and what they come to learn is due to experience \u25a0

PSY_Unit_2 - PERCEPTION ● Empiricists vs Nativists ○...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

PERCEPTION Empiricists vs. Nativists Empiricists: kids are born knowing nothing and what they come to learn is due to experience. Blank slate Nativists: you come into the world with some knowledge, you have an innate understanding of things. Habituation: if you are repeatedly exposed to a stimulus, you stop responding to it. Preferential looking: child detects difference of picture because eyes follow one picture more than the other Differentiation theory Vision: Little kids detect differences in brightness Visual acuity-perceiving details: Newborns vision range around 20/600 vision, AKA lots of objects are blurry unless they are close. Blurry because limitation is ability to visually accommodate. By 6-12 months visibility is good Contour Schemata: Kids have visual representation of the objects in their world to the point where they can recognize familiar things such as parents' faces. Kids seem to show a bias for pattern where most of the information is in the upper part of the visual field. Gestalt psychology: The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. We have a tendency to group things so it's easier to understand. Size Constancy: Kids are beginning to learn that object is the same size despite its distance from their eyes. Visual depth perception is in play. Have experience, but no feedback. Visual Cliff Sound: Infants startled by loud sound Newborns can hear better than they can see. Perceiving Speech: Phonemes: Speech sounds. By 3 months, they can recognize phonemes. Taste and Smell: Different facial expressions for different tastes/smells Touch, Temperature, and Pain Habituation: By 5 Months babies show habituation to item they have held/touch and can distinguish them Cross-modal Perception: Can identify something through one sense that you learned about through a different sense. **All sense are function from the beginning. Normal perceptual development requires in normal perceptual experience: Overtime you learn to selectively focus
Image of page 1
LEARNING TO READ Kids are learning that pictures and letters represent words/sound and they learn to decode letters to learn to read. 3 Stage Process Equate storytelling w/ reading Recognize squiggles on page represent words Decode letters and sound out words Phonological Awareness Phonemes Dyslexia: varied disabilities ADULT PERCEPTION Sensory thresholds change: How much must you be exposed to in order to detect it Dark adaption: Eyes adjusting to different lighting Cataracts COGNITIVE & LANGUAGE Piaget is important because he is the first attempt to try to explain the changes that unfold as we age. Piaget and the clinical method: More or less a question/answer strategy. Presenting problems/challenges for kids to answer. He wanted to know how kids thought about the challenges they are confronted with. Wanted to know how its different in 5 y/o vs 8 y/o etc.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 10 pages?

  • Spring '12
  • Test, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 4 questions (1 expires soon) You can ask 4 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes