2 John Adams

2 John Adams - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 9/3/06...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 9/3/06 JOHN ADAMS I. President: John Adams A. October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826 II. States: A. Massachusetts born B. Massachusetts delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Series of primary and secondary schools 2. Harvard bachelor of arts degree (1755) 3. Study law under James Putnam (of Worcester) a. Admitted to Massachusetts bar (November 1758) B. Occupational a. Military Service – none 2. Trial lawyer a. British defense of Boston Massacre (1770) b. Felt more ‘important to establish the supremacy of justice over political expedience’ 3. Surveyor of highways and other public roads 4. Congressional a. Member of Massachusetts legislature (1770-1774) i. Legal advisor to the legislature ii. Boston representative to the General Court (lower house) b. Member of continental congress (1774-1777) c. Diplomat abroad in France, Great Britain, The Netherlands (1778-1788) d. Vice President under George Washington (1789-1797) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1797 – 1801 V. Prominent issues in each election A. Foreign threat 1. Jefferson – thought Britain was the greatest threat 2. Adams – thought France was the greatest threat VI. Opponent(s) by term A. Thomas Jefferson – Democratic-Republican B. Aaron Burr – Democratic-Republican C. Samuel Adams – Democratic-Republican D. Thomas Pinckney – Federalist E. Oliver Ellsworth – Federalist VII. Vice President: Thomas Jefferson (1797 – 1801)
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VIII. Political party: Federalist IX. Domestic Happenings A. Navy Department created (1798) – Created in response to Adam’s belief that to wage a war with any nation would need much more than just a large army because that would make the U.S. have to be allied with a major Naval force at the time of war. B. Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) – 4 acts passed in these bills aimed to try to quell rising dissent of gov. 1 st – made it harder for immigrants to become citizens. 2 nd – entitled president to deport any republican who was deemed to be dangerous to the Republic. 3 rd – Aliens Enemy Act allowed gov. To round-up any of country’s alien in residence in U.S. during wartime. 4 th – Sedition act which prohibited any citizen to criticize gov. for its actions. Naturalization act repealed in 1802 and other 3 allowed to run their course of 2 years and expire. C. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798) – Virginia and Kentucky passed
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course MGMT 331 taught by Professor Cramer during the Spring '10 term at McDaniel.

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2 John Adams - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 9/3/06...

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