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3 TJ b - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3 THOMAS...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 9/9/06 THOMAS JEFFERSON I. President: Thomas Jefferson A. April 13 ( My BIRTHDAY!!! ), 1743 – July 4, 1826 II. States: A. Virginia born B. Virginia delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. College of William and Mary (at Williamsburg) 2. study law under George Wythe a. admitted to Virginia bar in April 1767 B. Occupational 1. Military Service – none 2. Congressional a. Member of House of Burgesses (1769-1774) b. Member of Continental Congress (1775-1776) – appointed to committee charged with drafting Declaration of Independence (1776) c. Member of Virginia House of Delegates (1776-1779) d. Governor of Virginia (1779-1781) e. Member of Continental Congress (1783-1784) f. Minister to France (1785-1789) g. Secretary of State (1790-1793) h. Vice President (1797-1801) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1801 – 1805 B. 1805 – 1809 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election – federal authority versus states’ rights; (Republicans ousted Federalists from NY State legislature → electoral votes swung from Adams to Jefferson) B. 2 nd election – no prominent issues (lackluster Jefferson campaign) b/c Federalist party unable to put up fight after its campaign was discredited by radical elements of the party in MA VI. Opponent(s) by term A. 1801 1. John Adams (Incumbent) – Federalist 2. Aaron Burr – Democratic-Republican 3. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney – Federalist 4. John Jay – Federalist B. 1805
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1. Charles C. Pinckney - Federalist 2. George Clinton – Republican VII. Vice Presidents: A. Aaron Burr (served 1801-1805) B. George Clinton (served 1805-1809) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Revolution of 1800 – Jefferson’s defeat of Adams, because it marked the fall of Federalism and the rise of Republicanism B. The Judiciary Act of 1802 (1802) – effectively nullified the last-minute rigging of the federal court system by the previous administration C. Louisiana Purchase (1803) - $15 million (3 cents an acre) US purchased from France the Louisiana Territory (vast region b/w Mississippi & Rockies; all or part of present-day states: Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana); more than doubled size of United States D. Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) – Meriwether Lewis and William Clark lead an expedition (2 ½ yr, 8000 miles) ascended Missouri River, crossed Continental Divide, rode Columbia River to Pacific, & more or less retraced steps to St. Louis; Jefferson had wanted to learn about what b/w Missouri River & Pacific – w/ Louisiana Purchase felt able to send people E.
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