4 James Madison

4 James Madison - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 9/16/06 JAMES MADISON I. President: James Madison, Jr. A. March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836 II. States: A. Virginia born B. Virginia delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Tutored by Donald Robertson and (later) Reverend Thomas Martin 2. College of New Jersey (Princeton, today) a. Graduated in 2 years b. Stayed after graduation to study Hebrew and philosophy under university president John Witherspoon B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. American Revolution: colonel in Orange County militia i. Saw no action b/c of frail health 2. Congressional a. Elected to the county Committee of Safety – his father chaired (1774) b. Delegate to the Virginia Convention (1776) c. Member of Virginia House of Delegates (1776-1777) (1784-1786) (1799- 1800) d. Member of Council of State (1778-1779) e. Member of Continental Congress (1780-1783) f. Delegate to Annapolis convention (1786) g. Father of the U.S. Constitution – delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1787) i. Drafting much of doc., arguing successfully for creation of strong central gov., comprehensive record of virtually all proceedings, & marshalling public opinion in favor of its ratification h. U.S. Representative from Virginia (1789-1797) i. Virginia Resolutions – drafted the Virginia Resolutions which declared the Alien and Sedition Acts to be unconstitutional (1798) j. Secretary of State (1801-1809) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1809 – 1813 B. 1813 – 1817 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election – the embargo
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1. [Federalists attack on that issue, but Jefferson helped make win back votes from Monroe’s followers; old-line Republicans also did not have faith in Madison as “unfit to fill the office of President in the present juncture of our affairs”] 2. *West and South vote for Madison B. 2 nd election – The War of 1812 1. [Federalists said of Madison incompetence in direction war effort, a groundless war] [Madison defenders said to establish neutral rights] 2. *West and South vote for Madison VI. Opponent(s) by term A. 1809 1. Charles C. Pinckney – Federalist 2. George Clinton – Democratic-Republican B. 1813 1. DeWitt Clinton – Federalist
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4 James Madison - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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