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12 Zachary Taylor

12 Zachary Taylor - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 11/5/06 ZACHARY TAYLOR I. President: Zachary Taylor A. November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850 (in office) II. States: A. Virginia born B. Louisiana delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. basic education – under an Elisha Ayer, (then a Lewis Wetsel, and then a Kean O’Hara) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Military officer (1808-1848) i. First lieutenant → major general b. War of 1812 (1812-1815) i. As a captain successfully defended Fort Harrison on the Wabash River against a determined Indian assault → Taylor was breveted a major (1 st brevet rank ever conferred in U.S. Army) (1812) ii. 1815 Appointed major → after war: captain (demoted back) c. Resigned for a year from army (1815) → worked on his plantation d. Rejoined army (1816) i. as a major (1816) → colonel (1832) e. Black Hawk War (1832) i. As colonel commanded First Infantry at Fort Armstrong, constructed Fort Dixon, & helped rout Sac and Fox warriors in Battle of Bad Axe (final engagement) ii. After war: appointed commandant of Fort Crawford f. Second Seminole War (1837-1840) i. As commander of Army South of Withlacoochee in Florida, defeated Seminoles at the Battle of Okeechobee (Dec. 25, 1837) → brevetted a brigadier general & made commander of all U.S. forces in Florida (w/ headquarters at Tampa Bay) ii. Accomplished under command: 53 new posts erected, 848 miles of wagon road cut, and 3,643 feet of bridges and causeways constructed iii. Unable stampout all Seminole resistance before leaving FL (1840) → but War Secretary (Joel Poinsett) commended him (accomplished all could be expected under very trying circumstances) g. General Taylor:
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i. commander of Second Department, Western Division (1841-1843) – HQ Fort Smith, Arkansas ii. commander of First Department (1844) – HQ Fort Jesup, Louisiana h. Mexican War (1846-1848) 2. Congressional – none.
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