14 Franklin Pierce

14 Franklin Pierce - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 11/12/06 FRANKLIN PIERCE I. President: Franklin Pierce A. November 2, 1804 – October 8, 1869 II. States: A. New Hampshire born B. New Hampshire delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Hancock (NH) Academy (1818) → transferred Francestown (NH) Academy (spring 1820): college preparatory instruction 2. Bowdoin College (at Brunswick, ME) (1820) a. Befriended Nathaniel Hawthorne & Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (both a yr behind) b. Indifferent student @ first → graduated 5 th of 14 students (1824) c. Interest in John Locke 3. Studied law a. Under: John Burnham (Hillsborough) → b. Levi Woodbury (Portsmouth, NH) (future Supreme Court justice ) → c. Samuel Howe (Northampton, MA) → d. Edmund Parker (Amherst, NH) e. Admitted to the bar (1827) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Mexican War (1846-1848) - army i. Injured knee in Battle of Contreras (August 1847) enroute to Mexico City & reinjured at Churubusco (later August 1847) ii. 1 of those appointed by Major General Winfield Scott to negotiate armistice → unacceptable iii. bedridden w/ dysentery during Battle of Chapultepec & fall of Mexico City → recovered to take part in occupation of Mexican capital (Sept. 1847) iv. resigned from army (1848) 2. Congressional a. Member of New Hampshire Legislature (1829-1833) i. Speaker (1831-1832) b. U.S. Representative (1833-1837) c. U.S. Senator (1837-1842) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1853 – 1857
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
V. Prominent issues in each election A. “Cotton” Whigs – appeasement of slavery interests, Compromise platform & nominee Scott B. “Conscience” Whigs – opposed slavery, denounced platform but endorsed Scott 1. hoped once Scott in office: stand up to South C. Democrats – no divisions; support for Pierce from all segments of part, and some business support (traditionally source of Whig strength) D. German & Irish votes 1. Scott – proposed automatic citizenship for immigrants on completion of 1 yr military service; daughter had become a nun; great military record of General Scott, while Pierce ducked real fighting; Pierce is a drunk 2. Pierce – play on fear of anti-Catholic nativist elements; charged during Mexican War General Scott executed Irish Catholic soldiers for desertion; Scott is a drunk E. Pierce – presented as another Jackson: Young Hickory of the Granite Hills; cleverest slogan of both sides’ campaigns: “We Polked you in 1844; we shall Pierce you in 1852!” F.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern