14 Franklin Pierce

14 Franklin Pierce - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 11/12/06 FRANKLIN PIERCE I. President: Franklin Pierce A. November 2, 1804 – October 8, 1869 II. States: A. New Hampshire born B. New Hampshire delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Hancock (NH) Academy (1818) → transferred Francestown (NH) Academy (spring 1820): college preparatory instruction 2. Bowdoin College (at Brunswick, ME) (1820) a. Befriended Nathaniel Hawthorne & Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (both a yr behind) b. Indifferent student @ first → graduated 5 th of 14 students (1824) c. Interest in John Locke 3. Studied law a. Under: John Burnham (Hillsborough) → b. Levi Woodbury (Portsmouth, NH) (future Supreme Court justice) → c. Samuel Howe (Northampton, MA) → d. Edmund Parker (Amherst, NH) e. Admitted to the bar (1827) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Mexican War (1846-1848) - army i. Injured knee in Battle of Contreras (August 1847) enroute to Mexico ii. 1 of those appointed by Major General Winfield Scott to negotiate armistice → unacceptable iii. bedridden w/ dysentery during Battle of Chapultepec & fall of Mexico City → recovered to take part in occupation of Mexican capital (Sept. 1847) iv. resigned from army (1848) 2. Congressional a. Member of New Hampshire Legislature (1829-1833) i. Speaker (1831-1832) b. U.S. Representative (1833-1837) c. U.S. Senator (1837-1842) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1853 – 1857
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V. Prominent issues in each election A. “Cotton” Whigs – appeasement of slavery interests, Compromise platform & nominee Scott B. “Conscience” Whigs – opposed slavery, denounced platform but endorsed Scott 1. hoped once Scott in office: stand up to South C. Democrats – no divisions; support for Pierce from all segments of part, and some business support (traditionally source of Whig strength) 1. Scott – proposed automatic citizenship for immigrants on completion of 1 yr military service; daughter had become a nun; great military record of General Scott, while Pierce ducked real fighting; Pierce is a drunk 2. Pierce – play on fear of anti-Catholic nativist elements; charged during Mexican War General Scott executed Irish Catholic soldiers for desertion; Scott is a drunk E. Pierce – presented as another Jackson: Young Hickory of the Granite Hills; cleverest slogan of both sides’ campaigns: “We Polked you in 1844; we shall
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course MGMT 331 taught by Professor Cramer during the Spring '10 term at McDaniel.

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14 Franklin Pierce - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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