15 James Buchanan 2

15 James Buchanan 2 - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 9/19/06 JAMES BUCHANAN I. President: James Buchanan A. April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868 II. States: A. Pennsylvania born B. Pennsylvania delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Prepared for college at Old Stone Academy (Mercersburg, PA) 2. Dickinson College (Carlisle) a. Entered as a junior (1807) b. Graduated w/o honors (b/c of mischief) (1809) 3. Studied law a. Under James Hopkins (Lancaster) (1809) b. Admitted to the bar (1812) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. War of 1812 (1814) 2. Congressional a. Member of Pennsylvania House of Representatives (1815-1816) b. U.S. Representative (1821-1831) c. U.S. Minister to Russia (1832-1833) d. U.S. Senator (1834-1845) e. Secretary of State (1845-1849) f. Minister to Great Britain (1853-1856) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1857 – 1861 V. Prominent issues in each election A. Republican party – 1 st slogan: “Free Speech, Free Press, Free Soil, Free Men, Frémont and Victory!”; sectional conflict persist as Democrats continue to appease S’s demands to spread slavery into territories; used Bleeding Kansas and a southern democrat’s assault on an abolitionist northern republican – proof of Sern savagery; not a Catholic in private, but refused openly to deny during campaign → counted on Catholics’ votes B. Democrats – warned South would not tolerate Republican victory → lead to civil war; democratic victory → continue conciliation and economic stability (=> support of financial community); claimed Frémont a Catholic in private C. *Election decided by the 3 swing states: Pennsylvania, Illinois, Indiana 1. All 3: Buchanan & stability (over Frémont and threat of civil war)
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VI. Opponent(s) by term A. John C. Frémont – Republican B. Millard Fillmore – American VII. Vice President: John Cabell Breckinridge (served 1857-1861) VIII. Political party: Democratic IX. Domestic Happenings A. The Kansas Question (1857-1861) – Kansas → admitted as free or slave state?;
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