16 Abraham Lincoln

16 Abraham Lincoln - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 11/26/06 ABRAHAM LINCOLN I. President: Abraham Lincoln A. February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865 II. States: A. Kentucky born B. Illinois delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. By his estimation: about a year of cumulative formal education 2. Most: private tutoring & occasional visit to the local schoolhouse (which was open when a literate person came through town and could be persuaded to teach a few lessons) 3. Studied law whenever he got the chance 4. Admitted to the bar in 1836 B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Black Hawk War (1832) - served in various capacities 2. Congressional a. Postmaster of New Salem, Illinois (1833-1836) – Appointed by Andrew Jackson b. Member of Illinois Legislature (1834-1842) – the Whig floor leader in 1836, and he served as chairman of the Finance Committee c. U.S. Representative (1847-1849) - as an Illinois Whig; he was on the Post Office and Post Roads Committee, as well as the War Department Expenditures Committee; he opposed U.S. involvement in the Mexican War, blaming President Polk for its initiation but supporting appropriations to continue to supply the troops involved in the war; Lincoln promoted federally funded internal improvements, and he worked (unsuccessfully) to abolish the slave trade in Washington, D.C. d. Left public office in order to practice law (1850-1860) e. “House Divided” Speech and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1860 – 1864 B. 1864 – 1865 (Died in office) V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election – 1. Democrats, divided in their choice of candidates, broke apart into the Democratic, National Democratic, and Constitutional Union party's, favoring Stephen A. Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, and John Bell, respectively.
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2. Neither Lincoln, Breckinridge, nor Bell campaigned extensively for themselves; but Douglas campaigned actively throughout the country. B. 2 nd election – 1. George B. McClellan was a Union general until he was relieved of his duty by Lincoln for failing to pursue Confederate troops after the battle of Antietam in 1862. 2. McClellan considered the Civil War to be the Union's loss, and he called for the negotiation of a treaty between the South and the North. Also, he condemned Lincoln for instituting wartime measures that diminish civil liberties. 3. Republicans warned that it was best not to change presidents in the midst of a war. VI. Opponent(s) by term A. 1st election (1860): 1. Stephen A. Douglas – Democrat 2. John C. Breckinridge – [National] Democrat 3. John Bell – Constitutional Union B. 2nd election (1864): 1. George B. McClellan – Democrat VII. Vice President: A. Hannibal Hamlin (served 1860-1864) B. Andrew Johnson (served 1864-1865) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Civil War (1861-1865): B. Beginning of the war between the states (1861) – following the secession of South Carolina and, later, ten other states from the Union, and as a result of sectional
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course MGMT 331 taught by Professor Cramer during the Spring '10 term at McDaniel.

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16 Abraham Lincoln - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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