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20 James A. Garfield - 21 Chester A. Arthur

20 James A. Garfield - 21 Chester A. Arthur - Leah Betten...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 12/31/06 JAMES A. GARFIELD I. President: James Arthur Garfield A. November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881 II. States: A. Ohio born B. Ohio delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. fundamentals at district school near home 2. Geauga Academy (1849-1850) [Chester, OH] – worked way through school (carpentry and taught at district school) 3. Eclectic Institute (1851-1854) [Hiram, OH] – worked way through school (janitor at 2 district schools) 4. Williams College (1854-1856) [Williamstown, MA] a. Enrolled as junior b. Graduated w/ honors 5. considered ministry → decided teaching B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Civil War (1861-1863): Major General of Union Army 2. Congressional a. Ohio State Senator (1859-1861) b. U.S. Representative (1863-1880) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1881 (died while in office – assassination) V. Prominent issues in each election A. 2 scandals- one involving the transcontinental railroad and the other involving the paving of D.C. streets. Garfield was able to avert these accusations and finally the Republican party agreed to have him as their candidate. He won by a narrow margin of about 10,000 popular votes, although he won the electoral vote 214- 155. VI. Opponent(s) by term A. Winfield S. Hancock - democratic VII. Vice President: Chester A. Arthur (served March-Sept. 1881) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Garfield successfully placed own man (William H. Robertson) as collector of Port of New York despite New York Republican boss Roscoe Conkling’s efforts to
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thwart the Senate’s confirmation; Pres.’s victory → broke Conkling’s grip on party & end of career B. Star Route Scandal – Garfield ordered… fraudulently; preliminary investigation → showed evidence of bribery involving Pres.’s own party members, James wanted to press further & expose scandal → Pres. said to do that to greatest extent
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