26 Theodore Roosevelt (Jr.)

26 Theodore Roosevelt (Jr.) - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 2/4/06 THEODORE ROOSEVELT I. President: Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. A. October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919 II. States: A. New York (City) born B. District of Columbia, (NY) delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Sickly → taught fundamentals by aunt (too sickly to go to school except for few months at time) → tutors 2. Studied German and French – summer 1873 (Germany) 3. Intensive tutoring for Harvard entrance exam – later 1873 (NY) a. Passed 1875 4. Harvard a. Entered 1876 b. Graduated 1880 5. Gave up become naturalist (by urging) → Law school, instead a. Colombia Law School – entered 1880; dropped out 1881 – to run for state assembly b. (Never sought admission to bar) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Spanish-American War: commander of First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment (“Rough Riders”) – rose lieutenant colonel → colonel (May- September 1898) b. (World War I: offered to raise a force of volunteers – Pres. Wilson denied request) 2. Congressional a. Member of New York state assembly (1881-1884) b. Cattle rancher in Dakota Territory, & (for a time) deputy sheriff of Billings County (1884-1886) c. Defeated for mayor of NYC – by Abram S. Hewitt (1886) d. Campaigned in Midwest for Benjamin Harrison for president (1888) e. Wrote biography of Senator Thomas Hart Benton and the Winning of the West (1884-1889, mostly 1886-1888)) f. President of New York City Police Board (1895-1897) g. Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1897-1898) h. Governor of New York (1898-1900) i. Vice President (March-September 1901) – to replace Vice President Garret Hobart (dead) → then succeeded President McKinley (dead)
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IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1901 – 1905 (succession) – youngest person ever to become president, John F. Kennedy - youngest person ever elected president B. 1905 – 1909 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st Term: 1. No election – succession B. 2 nd Term: 1. Both candidates stood behind the gold standard 2. They favored and eventual independence for the Philippines 3. They condemned monopoly 4. Neither candidate campaigned actively 5. The voters chose Roosevelt’s flamboyant manner over Parker’s colorless, sober demeanor VI. Opponent(s) by term A. [Judge] Alton B. Parker – Democrat B. Eugene v. Debs – Socialist C. Silas C. Swallow – Prohibition VII. Vice President: Charles Warren Fairbanks (served 1905-1909) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Antitrust Policy (1901) – First annual message to Congress, by President Roosevelt (December) → set forth his antitrust policy on a note that attempted to strike a balance between free enterprise and corporate responsibility 1. (During administration brought suit under antitrust laws against the railroad, beef, oil, tobacco, and other combinations) 2. (Roosevelt’s antitrust policy & advocacy of labor and consumer rights → constituted what he called the “Square Deal”)
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course MGMT 331 taught by Professor Cramer during the Spring '10 term at McDaniel.

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26 Theodore Roosevelt (Jr.) - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff...

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