28 Woodrow Wilson (print version)

28 Woodrow Wilson (print version) - Leah Betten Mr...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 2/18/07 WOODROW WILSON I. President: Thomas Woodrow Wilson A. December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924 II. States: A. Virginia born B. Virginia delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Slow learner, but weak eyes and frail health undermined efforts at improvement 2. basics at home (parents) 3. Charles Heyward Barnwell – Columbia, 12 yrs old (1868) 4. Davidson College a. Entered 1873 – performed well b. Poor health → drop out at end of freshman yr 5. College of New Jersey → health restored; (Princeton, today) a. Entered 1875 b. Graduated 1879 6. Studied law a. University of Virginia law school i. Entered 1879 ii. Poor health → drop out 2 nd yr (1881) b. Studied law on own – recuperating at home (Wilmington, NC) c. Admitted to the bar (October 1882) d. *Only studying law in order to pursue politics* B. Occupational 1. Military Service – none. 2. Congressional a. Briefly practiced law in partnership w/ Edward I. Renick (Atlanta, GA) b. Became an educator → give up law (bored) & (he thought) dream of career in politics (1883) i. Enrolled as graduate student at Johns Hopkins University ii. Earned a Ph.D. in political science (1886) - *only pres. to earn a doctorate iii. Taught at Bryn Mawr – PA (1885-1888); grew bored → applied for federal vacancy as first assistant secretary of state (1887) iv. Professor of History at Wesleyan University (1888-1890) v. Taught at Princeton University – NJ (1890-1902) c. Congressional Government: A Study in American Politics (1885) – condemned congressional domination of other 2 branches & diffusion of
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power and responsibility in Amer. Democracy, recommended adopt British parliamentary system d. President of Princeton University (1902-1910) e. Governor of New Jersey (1911-1913) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1913 – 1917 B. 1917 – 1921 V. Prominent issues in each election A. Election of 1912 1. Wilson offered the country the New Freedom: pledging to end monopoly, restore free competition, and establish the right of laborers to bargain for their wages and welfare. (1 st Term) 2. Roosevelt's New Nationalism went further. He promised comprehensive welfare legislation and federal regulation of business on an unprecedented scale. 3. The campaign was interrupted in October with an assassination attempt on Roosevelt. 4. Wilson won with a minority vote that was made possible by a split in the Republican Party between Taft and Roosevelt. B. Election of 1916 1. The War in Europe dominated the campaign. Hughes criticized Wilson for failing to assert American neutral rights in the conflict. (2 nd Term) 2. The election was close, with many backers strongly supporting either side but, though Hughes seemed to be the winner early on, late returns tipped California, and with it the election, to Wilson. VI. Opponent(s) by term A. 1913 1. (President) William Howard Taft – Republican 2. Theodore Roosevelt (Jr.) – Progressive (Bull Moose) 3. Eugene V. Debs – Socialist B. 1917 1. Charles Evans Hughes – Republican VII. Vice President: Thomas Riley Marshall (served 1913-11917, 1917-1921) VIII. Political party: Democratic IX. Domestic Happenings A. Amendments 17 ratified (1913) – The 17 th
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