30 - Calvin Coolidge

30 - Calvin Coolidge - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/4/07 CALVIN COOLIDGE I. President: John Calvin Coolidge A. July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933 II. States: A. Vermont born B. Washington, D.C. (Massachusetts) delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Attended the local elementary school – [Plymouth] (1877-1885) 2. Enrolled at the Black River Academy – [Ludlow] (1886) 3. Amherst College a. Enrolled (1891) b. Graduated (1895) 4. Study law a. At office of John C. Hammond and Henry P. Field [Northampton, MA] (1895) b. Admitted to the bar (July 1897) B. Occupational 1. Military Service – none. 2. Congressional a. Elected to many municipal positions, defeated only once for a position on the school board, the only defeat of his career (1899-1905) b. Member of Massachusetts General Court (1907-1908) c. Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts (1910-1911) d. Massachusetts State Senator (1912-1915) i. Senate President (1914-1915) ii. Chairman to Special Conciliation Committee – mediated an end to the Lawrence Textile strike of 1912 e. Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (1916-1918) f. Governor of Massachusetts (1919-1920) i. Handled the Boston Police Strike (1919) – decided not to rehire the strikers, declaring that they had threatened public safety and had no right to do so; → gave him great praise, (esp. b/c it was believed that anarchists caused the strike) g. Vice President (1921-1923) – succeeded President Warren G. Harding (died in office) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1923 – 1925 (succession) B. 1925 – 1929 V. Prominent issues in each election
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A. 1 st election (1923-1925) – none. (succession) B. 2 nd election (1925-1929) 1. With the nation at peace and the economy prosperous, Republicans touted: "Keep cool with Coolidge." 2. Davis endorsed the Democratic Party and the League of Nations while denouncing the KKK. 3. Davis' chances were all but destroyed by the divisiveness of the Democratic Party, but Davis campaigned hard against the Republican Party. 4. Few voters blamed Coolidge for the sins of Harding. 5. LaFollette campaigned moderately, but he drew strong support for a third- party candidate with the support of the Socialist party and the AFL. VI. Opponent(s) by term A. John W. Davis – Democrat B. Robert M. LaFollette – Progressive VII. Vice President: Charles Gates Dawes (served 1789-1793, 1793-1797) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Bonus Bill (1924) – provided bonuses in the form of twenty-year certificates to World War I Veterans below the rank of major. B. Teapot Dome Scandal
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30 - Calvin Coolidge - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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