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31 Herbert Hoover

31 Herbert Hoover - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/11/07 HERBERT HOOVER I. President: Herbert Clark Hoover A. August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964 II. States: A. Iowa born B. D.C. (?) delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Fundamentals at West Branch Free School 2. Friends Pacific Academy (1885-1887) [Oregon] 3. Stanford University (newly established)– graduated 1895 a. Failed all but math on entrance exam → took college preparatory instruction [Palo Alto, CA] b. Passed entrance exam, but admitted “conditioned” in English → condition removed during sr. yr c. Graduated w/ an A.B. in geology (May 1895) 4. Decided to become a mining engineer B. Occupational a. Military Service – none. 2. Congressional a. Mining Engineer (1896-1914) b. Relief Efforts during WWI (1914-1920) c. Secretary of Commerce (1921-1928) – under Pres.s Harding and Coolidge IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1929 – 1933 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election – what set-up of government; how interpret the broad Constitution; lead the nation to victory over the Indians; Make U.S. a steady country never to be taken back by Britain. B. 2 nd election – keep the nonpartisan government from fragmenting; VI. Opponent(s) by term A. Alfred E. Smith - democrat VII. Vice President: Charles Curtis (served 1929-1933) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. April 15, 1929 – New York City police raid the Birth Control Clinical Research Center established by Margaret Sanger, arresting two doctors and three nurses, and confiscating numerous records. Physicians and private citizens are outraged by the incident and a month later the case will be thrown out of court as a violation of a physician’s right to practice medicine.
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B. Agricultural Marketing Act (1929) – to revitalize the increasingly poor market for farm products; redeem pledge to provide relief to farmers → created a Federal Farm Board to encourage sale of agric. products through farm cooperatives & stabilization corporations, & control farm surpluses by buying surplus goods by fed. gov. to maintain price levels; & $500,000,000 fund to aid the cooperatives. Limited authority of board → insufficient to handle severe glut in agric. products → board abolished 1933. 1. It represents a marked reversal in federal policy; Coolidge had vetoed a number of similar bills designed to aid farmers during his presidency. C. January 1930 The U.S. Census reports a population of nearly 123 million, illiteracy hitting a new low of 4.3 percent of the population – down 1.7 percent from 1920 – with about one in five Americans owning an automobile. D. February 3, 1930 – Hoover names Charles Evans Hughes, former secretary of state under Harding and Coolidge, chief justice of the Supreme Court. Hughes replaces former President William Howard Taft. E. February 10, 1930 – A major bootlegging operation in Chicago is shut down with the arrest of 158 people from 31 organizations. Together, these groups were estimated to have distributed more than seven million gallons of whiskey nationwide with an estimated worth of around $50 million.
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