32 FDR - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/11/07...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/11/07 FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT I. President: George Washington A. February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799 II. States: A. Virginia born B. Virginia delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Went to school in colonial Virginia 2. Did not attend university B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Virginia militia (1752-1754, 1755-1758) b. Commander in chief of the Continental army (1755-1783) 2. Congressional a. Member of House of Burgesses (1759-1774) b. Delegate to Continental Congress (1774-1775) c. President of Constitutional Convention (1787) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1933 – 1937 B. 1937 – 1941 C. 1941 – 1945 D. 1945 – 1949 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election – what set-up of government; how interpret the broad Constitution; lead the nation to victory over the Indians; Make U.S. a steady country never to be taken back by Britain. B. 2 nd election – keep the nonpartisan government from fragmenting; VI. Opponent(s) by term A. John Adams (Vice President) 1. 1 st and 2 nd term – second most votes VII. Vice President: John Adams (served 1789-1793, 1793-1797) VIII. Political party: none IX. Domestic Happenings A. Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (1944)- Provided living allowances and college tuition to college bound war veterans B. Roosevelt dies in Office (1945) X. Major Economic Issue(s)
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A. Whiskey Rebellion (1794) – Pennsylvania farmers refused to pay taxes on their alcohol (set up to help pay off national debt ). President Washington crushed this first real challenge to federal authority by ordering 15,000 militia to the area and personally inspected troops in the field. XI. Major Supreme Court Cases A. Betts v. Brady (1940) – Hugo L. Black (associate justice 1937-1971) spoke for the majority, ruling that a defendant too poor to hire a lawyer was not necessarily entitled to one at the court’s expense B. Chisholm v. Georgia (1793) – James Wilson (associate justice 1789-1798) spoke for the court, ruling that a citizen of one state was entitled to sue another state. However, that decision was so unpopular that it prompted passage of the Eleventh Amendment (1795), specifically nullifying it. C. Ware v. Hilton (1796) – Samuel Chase (associate justice 1796-1811) spoke for a unanimous Court, establishing the supremacy of national treaties over state laws. D. United States v. La Vengeance (1796) – Oliver Ellsworth (chief justice 1796- 1800) spoke for the majority, extending federal authority to all inland rivers and lakes. XII.
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course MGMT 331 taught by Professor Cramer during the Spring '10 term at McDaniel.

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32 FDR - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/11/07...

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