33 Harry S Truman

33 Harry S Truman - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/18/07 HARRY S TRUMAN I. President: Harry S Truman (“S” was his full middle name) A. May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972 II. States: A. Missouri born B. Washington, D.C. delegate for President (succeeded) III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Taught to read by mother 2. Attended Noland and Columbia grade schools 3. Graduated Independence High school (1901) 4. Wanted to apply to West Point or Annapolis (poor eyesight = couldn’t) → piano teacher encourage to pursue → father went broke, dropped piano lessons and any plans for college, went to work as timekeeper → wanted to make a career of politics 5. Enrolled at Kansas City Law School (1923-1925) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Served in Missouri National Guard (1905-1911) 2. Congressional a. Judge of Jackson County, Missouri (1922-1924) b. Presiding Judge of Jackson County (1926-1934) c. US Senator from Missouri (1935-1946) d. Vice President of US (March-April 1945) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1945 – 1949 B. 1949 – 1953 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election (1944): none. (succeeded Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt) B. 2 nd election (1948): 1. Most people figured that Truman would lose 2. Truman’s strength was undermined on the left by Progressive Henry Wallace and on the right by Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond 3. Truman labeled the 80 th Congress, the "Do Nothing Congress" and condemned the Republican party 4. Most political statisticians predicted Dewey the winner, but Truman won California and Ohio to clinch the victory VI. Opponent(s) by term A. Thomas E. Dewey – Republican B. Strom Thurmond – States’ Rights (Dixiecrat)
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C. Henry A. Wallace – Progressive VII. Vice President: Alben William Barkley (served 1949-1953) VIII. Political party: Democratic IX. Domestic Happenings A. Republicans win both houses of Congress (1946) – Republicans took over majorities of both houses flipping both the Senate and House from Democratic majority. B. Atomic Energy Commission is established (1946) – Established to oversee civilian uses of nuclear power, sponsored research on a host of reactor concepts that led to the birth of the civilian industry. The commission succeeded the Manhattan Engineer District of the Army Corps of Engineers, created during World War II to develop the atomic bomb. C. National Security Act (1947) – Established both the National Security Council (NSC) whose purpose was to advise the president on national security matters, taking into consideration the nation's domestic, foreign, and military policies and its resources for carrying out those policies. Also, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), one of several organizations responsible for gathering and evaluating foreign intelligence information vital to the security of the United States. D. New Presidential Succession Act of 1947 – Designated the speaker of the House
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2010 for the course MGMT 331 taught by Professor Cramer during the Spring '10 term at McDaniel.

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33 Harry S Truman - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3...

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