34 Dwight D. Eisenhower

34 Dwight D. Eisenhower - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/18/07 DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER I. President: David Dwight Eisenhower (named after father → called by middle name to avoid confusion, began signing) A. October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969 II. States: A. Texas born B. New York delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Attended Lincoln school, Garfield school, and Abilene High School (class of 1909) – [KA] 2. Took entrance exam for U.S. Naval Academy → informed too old for admission, b/c passed his 20 th birthday 3. Settled for U.S. Military Academy at West Point (1911-1915) 4. (graduated → commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to the Nineteenth Infantry) 5. Later, attended the Command and General Staff School (1925-1926) – [Fort Leavenworth, KA]; and Army War College (1928-1929) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Commander during WWI b. Brigadier General (1939-1941) c. 5 Star General (1944-1945) 2. Congressional a. President of Columbia University (1948-1950) b. Supreme Commander of NATO (1951-1952) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1953 – 1956 B. 1957 – 1961 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election (1952): 1. Eisenhower vowed to "clean up the mess in Washington." 2. Republican literature bashed the Democratic Party for "Corruption, Communism, and Korea." 3. Both Eisenhower and Stevenson drew fire from Senator Joseph McCarthy. 4. Eisenhower won favor by promising to go to Korea to break the deadlock in peace negotiations in elected. 5. "I Like Ike" was the most famous of the campaign slogans. B. 2 nd election (1956): 1. Stevenson faced an uphill battle against a popular incumbent.
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2. The Democrats' strongest issue was the state of Eisenhower's health following his heart attack. 3. Stevenson called for an end to the draft in favor of an all-volunteer army, as well as a halt to the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. 4. Eisenhower opposed Stevenson's positions on both issues as threats to national security. 5. Stevenson coined the phrase "quality of life" during the campaign. 6. Republicans sought to regain the black vote which had been lost with FDR's New Deal. 7. The Suez Crisis erupted late in the campaign, reinforcing the idea of a need for experience in the White House during a time of international crisis. VI. Opponent(s) by term A. Adlai E. Stevenson – Democratic (Both Elections) VII. Vice President: Richard M. Nixon (served 1953-1961) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare created (1953) – A joint resolution of Congress approved the establishment of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Oveta Culp Hobby was named its first secretary. B. Army-McCarthy Hearings (1954) – McCarthy finally transgressed what the
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34 Dwight D. Eisenhower - Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff...

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