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36 Lyndon B. Johnson

36 Lyndon B. Johnson - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 3/25/07 LYNDON B. JOHNSON I. President: Lyndon Baines Johnson A. August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973 II. States: A. Texas born B. Washington, D.C. [ TX ] delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Graduated from Southwest Texas State Teachers College (1930) B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. Naval officer during WWII (1942-1946) 2. Congressional a. Taught high school in Houston (1930-1931) b. U.S. Congressional aide (1931-1935) c. Texas State Director of National Youth Administration (1935-1937) d. Democratic U.S. Representative from Texas (1937-1942) e. U.S. Senator (1948-1960) i. Senate minority leader in 1953, then became majority leader when the Democrats regained control of the Senate in 1955. ii. Helped pass first civil rights legislation since the Civil War in 1957. f. Vice President under JFK (1960-1963) (→ succeeded presidency) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1963 – 1965 B. 1965 – 1969 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election (1963): 1. no election 2. succeeded President John F. Kennedy B. 2 nd election (1965): 1. Civil rights, Vietnam, Social Security, and the Tennessee Valley Authority were the dominant issues in this election. 2. Johnson's opponent, Barry Goldwater, suggested that Social Security be made voluntary, the TVA be abolished, and that nuclear weapons be used in Vietnam. 3. Goldwater also voted against the Civil Rights bill in 1964. This lost him a considerable amount of moderate Republican votes. 4. Despite the fact that Johnson lost Southern votes for supporting civil rights, he still won by a landslide. VI. Opponent(s) by term
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A. 1963: 1. none. (succession) B. 1965: 1. Barry M. Goldwater – Republican VII. Vice President: Hubert Horatio Humphrey (served 1965-1969) (2 nd term only) VIII. Political party: Democratic IX. Domestic Happenings A. Lyndon B. Johnson becomes 36th President of the U.S. upon JFK's death, Nov. 22, 1963. B. Civil Rights Act (1964) – outlawed discrimination on the basis of color, race, religion, sex, or national origin in both public accommodations and employment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established, the government was given the ability to deny funds to public agencies that discriminated because of race, and the attorney general could end school segregation and guarantee voting rights. C. Constitutional Amendments Ratified (1964) – the Twenty-Fourth Amendment: allowed all Americans to vote in all national elections, without having to pay any poll taxes. D. Johnson begins second term; "Great Society" domestic plan announced (1964) – an extension of his "War on Poverty," Johnson's "Great Society" plan was more legislation aimed at improving the quality of American life, keep the economy growing, and end poverty and discrimination. And with the Democratic victories in the Congressional elections, most of the legislation could be passed.
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