40 Ronald Reagan

40 Ronald Reagan - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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Leah Betten Mr. Bickerstaff Period 3 4/15/07 RONALD REAGAN I. President: Ronald Wilson Reagan A. February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004 II. States: A. Illinois born B. California delegate for President III. Educational and Occupational background A. Education 1. Graduated from Eureka College in Illinois (1932) – was active in sports and drama. B. Occupational 1. Military Service a. WWII (April 1942-July1945) – second lieutenant in the Army Reserve → active duty after Pearl Harbor; U.S. Army second lieutenant to captain i. Army Air Force First Motion Picture Unit → narrated preflight training films for bomber pilots ii. Appeared in Irving Berlin’s musical film This Is the Army (1943) (while in service) 2. Congressional a. Radio Sports Announcer (1932-1937) b. Contracted actor with Warner Brothers (1937-1952) – Appeared in about 50 films. [WWII intervened] c. President of the Screen Actors Guild (1947-1952, 1959-1960) d. Public Relations Speaker for General Electric, Co. (1958-1966) e. Governor of California (1967-1975) IV. Dates of the terms of office A. 1981 – 1985 B. 1985 – 1989 V. Prominent issues in each election A. 1 st election (1980) – Foreign affairs and the economy. Reagan attacked the SALT treaty with Russia, the treaty returning the canal to Panama, and Carter's use of human rights in foreign affairs, advocating a strong national defense and toughness towards the Soviet Union. Domestically, Reagan promised to cut government spending (except on defense) as well as taxes, a combination that his would-be running mate George Bush called "voodoo economics." Also, Reagan opposed legal abortion and the Equal Rights Amendment. B. 2 nd election (1984) – Deficit and trade; parties seemed to reverse their traditional roles/standings. 1. Opposition (candidates) to Reagan lost valuable coverage to personal issues from before election
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VI. Opponent(s) by term A. 1 st election (1980): 1. President James Carter – Democratic 2. John B. Anderson – Independent 3. Ed Clark – Libertarian B. 2 nd election (1984): 1. Walter F. Mondale – Democratic VII. Vice President: George H. W. Bush (served 1981-1985, 1985-1989) VIII. Political party: Republican IX. Domestic Happenings A. Assassination Attempt (1981) – March 30, 1981, John W. Hinckley, Jr., a 25 yr. old drifter from a wealthy family of Colorado, fired 6 Devastator explosive rounds from a .22 revolver at President Reagan as he emerged from the Washington (D.C.) Hilton Hotel; one hit Pres. Reagan in a lung → rushed to George Washington University Hospital, lost 3 pints of blood & had 2 hr surgery removed bullet and sutured his tattered lung 1. despite being 70 made remarkably quick and complete recovery (12 days → returned to White House) 2. Hinckley shot the President because he saw it as a love offering to actress Jodie Foster → found insane by jury; controversial verdict prompted calls for revision of insanity plea rules B. Unemployment at 10.1 Percent (1982) – the highest since 1940, this percentage
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40 Ronald Reagan - Leah Betten Mr Bickerstaff Period 3...

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