- Study of spatial variation of how & why things differ from place to place on surface of earth.
- Study of how people make the world into their home. How we change an abstract space into a unique,
meaningful place. We leave our own cultural imprints in making places our own, then we spread our
other places. We modify the world to fit our needs. We interact with the environment. We create
– the visible and material expressions of human settlement both in the past and
- Field that links the social sciences with the physical sciences.
- Connections and links between different places.
– Study natural phenomena (hurricanes) as well as human creations (cities) and are guided in that
their special perspective.
Historians focus on time and chronology, when things happen.
Geographers focus on
where things happen.
- Many travel the world, but some conduct their research from home.
5 Motivations for Learning about Other Cultures
1. Curiosity (to explore, science)
2. Economics and Politics (colonialism, resources like gold or bananas, power/control)
3. Religion (crusades, missionary work, converting others, helping others)
4. Secular (commitment to help or improve other places, peace corps, doctors without borders, not
for religious purposes)
5. Fantasy (an imagined reality, the tale of Atlantis, the 7 cities of gold, paradise on earth)
– anybody who is not “us.”
Ancient Greeks divided world into “us and them.”
This way of thought
5 motivations for leaning of other cultures. Europeans inherited these Greek ideas when
they began exploring
in the 1400s.
Defined by physical characteristics, human features – culturally
Regional borders are fuzzy, not defined
- Learned, shared, binds people together in what we recognize as a way of life.
- Dynamic not static – changes/adapts to new influences and changing conditions at diff. rates, speeds,
- Clothes, food, language, drinks, music, technology, literature, government, holidays, religion,
architecture, customs, sports, landscape, education, weather, values, morals, work habits, leisure, living
styles, art, traditions
5 Dimensions of Cultural Flows
1. movement of
(tourism and migrations)