9 - 9.1 Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning Analogical...

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9.1 Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning Analogical Reasoning - Recall that reasoning, whether formally or informally presented, can be divided into two types: 1 Deductive Reasoning 2 Inductive Reasoning Analogical reasoning is a type of inductive reasoning. Argument from Analogy - an argument which concludes that an entity B likely has some property P because it is similar to another entity A that is known to have P. - We can represent the structure of simple arguments from analogy as follows. Entity A has properties P 1 ; P 2 ; : : : ; P n and P _ Entity B has properties P 1 ; P 2 ; : : : ; P n Therefore, entity B probably also has property P _ - If the properties P 1 ; P 2 ; : : : ; P n are connected to the target property P _ in the right way, then an argument with this structure is normally a strong one. - Example Sally student reasons that because she really enjoyed the physics course she had with Prof. X last term, she'll likely enjoy the physics course Prof. X is offering next term.
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