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Unformatted text preview: 1. Mending a Divided Nation : Reconstruction, 1865-1877 Reconstruction problems arising from civil war are resolved. I. Abraham Lincoln and Reconstruction (1 st attempt to deal with reconstruction)- included an amnesty to all confederates once they took an allegiance to U.S. - if 10% of population signed allegiance, then they can start a state gov.- they had to abolish slavery and deny that states had the ability to secede from union- began before war even ended - by time war ends in 1865, there had been 4 states re-admitted I I. Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction (2 nd attempt)- wanted to continue Lincolns policy. Most thought he would be more severe. Southern Democrat, Lincoln was republican. - broad amnesty to anyone who took allegiance, they would be absolved from everything. More generous- he appointed governors to states that had not yet been readmitted. - re-organization of states- done by those who could vote in 1860 white men or owned property- by 1866 all states had been re-admitted A. 13 th Amendment abolishes slavery. late 1865 (Emancipation proclamation only freed slaves in states that had seceded from union/ in the confederacy.)- same people who were in power before the war are still in power now and have more control. - "black codes" laws that discriminate against African Americans. Right to vote, right to own property, right to testify in t rial, serve on jury, hold certain jobs, unemployed African Americans can be picked up and made to work on chain gangs, - Freedman's Bureau government agency designed to help former slaves in their transition from slavery to freedom. Slaves were not allowed to be educated, had very limited skills. This helped them find place to lived, get educated, find jobs, etc. B . 14 th Amendment everyone should have equal rights as American citizens regardless of what they did/were before. Citizenship rights and voting rights are not the same here. This is just citizen rights, not voting rights. This not only gave citizenship rights to American but also said that states should be given right to decide who can vote. Ex: if state decides black can vote, that number can not be counted toward how many reps the state gets. Also excluded from public office anyone who had held an important office in the confederacy. I I I. Radical Republican Reconstruction (3 rd attempt) A. Reconstruction Acts of 1867- Between March and July 1867, congress adopts a series of reconstruction acts that divided the former confederacy into 5 military districts. They treated the south as a conquered territory by putting military in control. Had military governor that were responsible for holding elections for constitutional conventions. New constitutions developed had to allow African Americans right to vote. Had to ratify the 14 th amendments before admitted back....
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- Spring '10
- Looking Backward