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noteswapHISTORY NOTES - Mending a Divided Nation...

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Mending a Divided Nation : Reconstruction, 1865-1877 The Civil War ended in 1865 and there were still some problems to fix: how to reunite the nation, and what should happen to the former slaves. I. Abraham Lincoln and Reconstruction: a. His policy was applied even before the end of the war b. Abe was concerned about bringing the nation together c. Not really concerned about the slaves d. Any confederate who took allegiance to the union would get amnesty, not tried as a traitor. e. 1/10 th of the voting population (basically white men, no slaves, no women) had to take an oath of allegiance to be readmitted into the Union. f. 5 days after the end of war Lincoln was shot. II. Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction a. Johnson was a southerner democrat b. Chosen by Lincoln as his running mate to unify the sections c. Not a wealthy planter d. Made clothes, a tailor e. Uneducated f. Anti aristocratic g. Anti succession h. People assumed Johnson would try to punish the south for what they did, but instead he was more lenient than Lincoln and created a broad amnesty ( a verbal oath of allegiance was enough, no written proof was needed)
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i. By the end of 1865 all states but Texas reunited, Texas in 1866 A. Thirteenth Amendment: a. Ratified at the end of 1865 and abolished slavery nationally b. Emancipation Proclamation only abolished in some states, the amendment did it for all. B. Black Codes: a. Codes that denied African Americans the right own property, to vote, and the right to have certain jobs. b. Republicans were mad that Southerner states had elected the same officials to be in charge as before the War, only that now they had greater power because before slaves use to count as 3/5 of a person, now they count as a whole, a greater population meant more white congressmen. c. Johnson never consulted on republicans on the changes he made. C. Freedman's Bureau: a. Agency created to help former slaves transition from slavery to freedom b. Helped them find housing, employment, schools, so they can become full citizens in the society c. Republicans wanted to give the Bureau more power (money), Johnson vetoed. d.
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