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Unformatted text preview: 977,
March 28). Business Week.
46. Good descriptions of MBO programs
can be found in Mali, P. (1986). MBO
updated: A handbook of practices and
techniques for managing by objectives.
New York: Wiley; Odiorne, G. S.
(1965). Management by objectives.
New York: Pitman; Raia, A. P. (1974).
Managing by objectives. Glenview, IL:
47. Brearton & Daly, 2003; Rodgers, R., &
Hunter, J. E. (1991) Impact of management by objectives on organization productivity. Journal of Applied
Psychology, 76, 322–336.
48. Rodgers & Hunter, 1991.
49. See Rodgers, R., Huner, J. E., &
Rogers, D. L. (1993). Influence of top
management commitment on management program success. Journal of
Applied Psychology, 78, 151–155.
50. For discussions of these and other
problems with MBO, see Levinson, H.
(1979, July–August). Management by
whose objectives. Harvard Business
Review, 125–134; McConkey, D. D.
(1972, October). 20 ways to kill management by objectives. Management
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