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Unformatted text preview: E. E., III. (1973). Motivation in
work organizations. Monterey, CA:
Vroom, V. H. (1964). Work and motivation. New York: Wiley.
Mitchell, T. R. (1974). Expectancy
models of job satisfaction, occupational
preference, and effort: A theoretical,
methodological, and empirical
appraisal. Psychological Bulletin, 81,
1053–1077. Also see Pinder, C. C.
(1984). Work motivation: Theory,
issues, and applications. Glenview, IL:
Scott, Foresman; Kanfer, R. (1990).
Motivation theory in industrial and
organizational psychology. In M. D.
Dunnette & L. M. Hough (Eds.),
Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 1).
Palo Alto, CA: Consulting
Reese, 1996; Hammers, 2003.
A good discussion of how managers
can strengthen expectancy and instrumentality relationships is presented by
Strauss, G. (1977). Managerial practices. In J. R. Hackman & J. L. Suttle
(Eds.), Improving life at work:
Behavioral science approaches to organizational change. Glenview, IL: Scott,
Adams, J. S. (1965). Injustice in social
exchange. Advances in Experi...
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