essays - GUIDELINES FOR ACADEMIC ESSAYS Different types of...

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GUIDELINES FOR ACADEMIC ESSAYS Different types of research projects: Expository Analytic Argument Good essays generally combine the above elements and are not merely descriptive. What research writing is not: A string of quotations. A personal essay with no research basis. Entirely theoretical with no research basis. A paper which uses information which is not documented correctly, i.e. plagiarised. Choosing your topic: Thesis vs. topic Topic and Thesis: All good research writing has a clearly identifiable thesis. A topic provides you with something to talk about, a thesis makes a significant and specific statement about a subject. A topic therefore is general, whereas a thesis is specific. Thesis statement This is the backbone of your essay. You should be able to state your thesis precisely in 1 or 2 lines for any shorter essay. TS should be clear from your introduction. Should express an opinion or attitude toward the topic chosen. ___________________________________________________________________________ Organisation Introduction: Should include your thesis statement and briefly mention the points you intend to cover. Should catch the reader’s attention. Conclusion: Should briefly reiterate your argument or main points. Do not introduce new issues in the final paragraph. Do not make apologies for what you haven’t done or simply state what you have achieved. Transitions: Make connections between paragraphs smoother by using suitable transition words. Format: Title page—includes your name, the title of your paper, the course name, the lecturer’s name, date of submission and word count Page number—pages should always be numbered Line spacing—1.5 or double spacing should be followed throughout Margins—Use reasonable margins, headers and footers, your work will be judged on the basis of what you have written not the number of pages you have filled. Paragraphs—Clearly mark paragraph breaks by either indenting or leaving a line break. Every paragraph should have a topic sentence and be appropriately developed. Like the overall essay, paragraphs should consist of a beginning, some development and a conclusion or link to the next point you intend to make. Paragraphs consist of a minimum of three sentences. Proofreading Always proofread your work. Do not trust computer spelling and grammar checks absolutely. ___________________________________________________________________________
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R EFERENCING Plagiarism If you use material from another source you must cite it correctly, if you do not you will be guilty of plagiarism. Use of source material may involve direct quotation, paraphrasing or summary. Do not read about your topic, use other’s ideas and then claim you were ‘inspired.’ Keep account of the material you have used to learn about your chosen topic, take accurate notes or make photocopies so that you will be able to cite correctly. You will always need the following information about a source
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essays - GUIDELINES FOR ACADEMIC ESSAYS Different types of...

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