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cairan 01 - Cairan Tubuh Dr Jumatil Fajar MHlthSc Air...

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Cairan Tubuh Dr. Jum’atil Fajar, MHlthSc
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Air Membentuk 75% tubuh bayi 70% tubuh orang dewasa 55% tubuh orang lanjut usia
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Seputar cairan Jumlah air pada wanita sekitar 10% lebih rendah daripada pria Orang berotot, relatif memiliki lebih banyak air (dalam %) daripada orang gemuk Kebutuhan cairan normal per hari 1500 ml/hari Jumlah urin minimal 300-500 ml per 24 jam
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Penyimpanan Air Dalam Tubuh Cairan intraselular (70%) Cairan ekstraselular (30%) Cairan interstisial Plasma darah Cairan serebrospinal Cairan limfe Cairan dalam rongga serosa dan persendian
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Perolehan Air Minum Makan Proses oksidasi makanan dalam tubuh
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Kehilangan Air Urin Ekspirasi Feses Melalui kulit
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Pengaturan keseimbangan cairan Rasa haus Anti Diuretik Hormon (ADH) Aldosteron Prostaglandin Glukokortikoid
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Rasa haus Penurunan perfusi ginjal pelepasan renin produksi angiotensin II merangsang hipotalamus melepaskan substrat normal yang meneruskan sensasi haus Osmoreseptor di hipotalamus mendeteksi peningkatan tekanan osmotik aktivasi jaras saraf sensasi rasa haus
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Hormon Anti Diuretik Dibentuk dihipotalamus dan disimpan di neurohipofisis (hipofisis posterior) Stimuli utama sekresi ADH: Peningkatan osmolalitas Penurunan cairan ekstrasel Stres, trauma, pembedahan, nyeri Anestetik dan obat-obatan
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Hormon Anti Diuretik
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