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Unformatted text preview: of this potential a distant
prospect. Nevertheless, the Pakistani government has started working on feasibility studies
for the construction of more dams, with feasibility reports of at least five small dams
expected to be completed by the end of 2000.
Indeed, some development of renewable energy sources has been undertaken precisely
because of the population's difficulty of access. In order to provide electricity to rural areas
that would otherwise not have electricity in the foreseeable future (because they are either
too remote and/or too expensive to connect to the national grid), Pakistan is turning to solar
power. Pakistan has worked with WorldWater, an American company, to install solarpowered water pumps that can help address the water needs of people in rural areas without
electricity. The government hopes that, by harnessing solar power for energy in rural areas,
it will reduce villages' reliance on firewood. Pakistan is still shifting to modern energy
sources, with firewood, dung, and bagasse (the woody residue left over from crushed
sugarcane) making up one-third of all energy consumed in Pakistan as recently as 1988.
Although Pakistan is an ideal physical environment for solar energy, many projects have
failed because systems needed maintenance after expert personnel had left. Studies are
underway on how future solar projects can be sustained at a local level by Pakistani villages.
National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON)
To capture the substantial economic benefits provided by conserving energy, the
Government of Pakistan, established the ENERCON as a permanent agency to serve as a
focal point for all energy conservation activities, including policy formulation. ENERCON is
dedicated to conduct and undertake energy conservation activities in Pakistan. The main
program areas consist of energy conservation in industry and power sector, agriculture,,
buildings, and road transport sector.
Through the implementation of its wide-ranging activities, the ENERCON has made
significant contributions to the development of the energy conservation technology and has
achieved a significant energy saving potential in various sectors of economy of Pakistan.
The impact has been both, direct and indirect, quantitative and qualitative. ENERCON’s
programmes provide a comprehensive and unified approach to energy conservation. In a
short period of its inception, ENERCON has:
Created awareness regarding the cost-effectiveness and potential for energy savings;
Proved that energy conservation is the cheapest and most readily available source of
additional supply of energy in Pakistan; and
Demonstrated that simple measures implemented on a nation-wide scale can achieve
large savings quickly and at a fraction of the cost of new supplies.
Research and Development
Renewable energy systems are expensive in terms of installation costs. The power from
them is also available intermittently – when the renewable source (for instance, wind or solar
energy) is available. On the other hand, they are free of any inp...
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- Spring '10