Part3-Chp%208 Assignment for load shedding

Nevertheless the pakistani government has started

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Unformatted text preview: of this potential a distant prospect. Nevertheless, the Pakistani government has started working on feasibility studies for the construction of more dams, with feasibility reports of at least five small dams expected to be completed by the end of 2000. Indeed, some development of renewable energy sources has been undertaken precisely because of the population's difficulty of access. In order to provide electricity to rural areas that would otherwise not have electricity in the foreseeable future (because they are either too remote and/or too expensive to connect to the national grid), Pakistan is turning to solar power. Pakistan has worked with WorldWater, an American company, to install solarpowered water pumps that can help address the water needs of people in rural areas without electricity. The government hopes that, by harnessing solar power for energy in rural areas, it will reduce villages' reliance on firewood. Pakistan is still shifting to modern energy sources, with firewood, dung, and bagasse (the woody residue left over from crushed sugarcane) making up one-third of all energy consumed in Pakistan as recently as 1988. Although Pakistan is an ideal physical environment for solar energy, many projects have failed because systems needed maintenance after expert personnel had left. Studies are underway on how future solar projects can be sustained at a local level by Pakistani villages. National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON) To capture the substantial economic benefits provided by conserving energy, the Government of Pakistan, established the ENERCON as a permanent agency to serve as a focal point for all energy conservation activities, including policy formulation. ENERCON is dedicated to conduct and undertake energy conservation activities in Pakistan. The main program areas consist of energy conservation in industry and power sector, agriculture,, buildings, and road transport sector. Through the implementation of its wide-ranging activities, the ENERCON has made significant contributions to the development of the energy conservation technology and has achieved a significant energy saving potential in various sectors of economy of Pakistan. The impact has been both, direct and indirect, quantitative and qualitative. ENERCON’s programmes provide a comprehensive and unified approach to energy conservation. In a short period of its inception, ENERCON has: Created awareness regarding the cost-effectiveness and potential for energy savings; Proved that energy conservation is the cheapest and most readily available source of additional supply of energy in Pakistan; and Demonstrated that simple measures implemented on a nation-wide scale can achieve large savings quickly and at a fraction of the cost of new supplies. Research and Development Renewable energy systems are expensive in terms of installation costs. The power from them is also available intermittently – when the renewable source (for instance, wind or solar energy) is available. On the other hand, they are free of any inp...
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2010 for the course MBA 32343 taught by Professor Samghouri during the Spring '10 term at Karachi Institute of Economics & Technology.

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