HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp

HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp - Prof Francesca...

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Unformatted text preview: Prof. Francesca Bregoli QC/CUNY Full Jewish sovereignty over the Land of Israel ends with Roman conquest – 63 BCE  Political end of Hellenistic period in Jewish history Pompey’s annexation marks: End of independent Jewish rule of the Hasmoneans Beginning of Roman rule  Greek and Graeco-Roman culture is dominant  Herod the Great (37-4 BCE): member of the Jewish elite Ruling agent for the Romans  Herodian cultural legacy: Hellenized cultural policies Rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem in classical style Theaters Resorts at Masada Harbor at Caesarea  Deteriorating relations between Judea and the Empire after Herod’s death Roman procurators (Pontius Pilate) Evidence: Jewish historian Josephus (Jewish Antiquities, The Jewish wars)  1 st century: competing powers  Jewish self-government is weakened Religious and political authority is at stake  Core beliefs common to different Jewish “parties:” Bible and its interpretation The centrality of the Temple Belief in the coming of a messianic age Priestly party Enjoyed power in Herod’s remodeled Temple Rejected belief in the Oral Law and the afterlife Oral traditions regarding priestly issues (purity laws, sacrifices) Forerunners of the rabbis Probably alienated from the government...
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2010 for the course HIST hist 115 taught by Professor Bregoli during the Fall '10 term at CUNY Queens.

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HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp - Prof Francesca...

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