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HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp

HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp -...

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Prof. Francesca Bregoli QC/CUNY
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Full Jewish sovereignty over the Land of Israel ends with Roman  conquest – 63 BCE Political end of Hellenistic period in Jewish history Pompey’s annexation marks:  End of independent Jewish rule of the Hasmoneans Beginning of Roman rule Greek and Graeco-Roman culture is dominant Herod the Great (37-4 BCE): member of the Jewish elite Ruling agent for the Romans Herodian cultural legacy: Hellenized cultural policies Rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem in classical style Theaters Resorts at Masada Harbor at Caesarea Deteriorating relations between Judea and the Empire after Herod’s  death Roman procurators (Pontius Pilate)
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Evidence: Jewish historian Josephus (Jewish  Antiquities, The Jewish wars) 1 st  century: competing powers Jewish self-government is weakened Religious and political authority is at stake Core beliefs common to different Jewish  “parties:” Bible and its interpretation The centrality of the Temple Belief in the coming of a messianic age
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Priestly party Enjoyed power in Herod’s remodeled  Temple Rejected belief in the Oral Law and the  afterlife Oral traditions regarding priestly issues  (purity laws, sacrifices)
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Forerunners of the rabbis Probably alienated from the government
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