HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp

HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp - Prof. Francesca...

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Unformatted text preview: Prof. Francesca Bregoli QC/CUNY Full Jewish sovereignty over the Land of Israel ends with Roman conquest 63 BCE  Political end of Hellenistic period in Jewish history Pompeys annexation marks: End of independent Jewish rule of the Hasmoneans Beginning of Roman rule  Greek and Graeco-Roman culture is dominant  Herod the Great (37-4 BCE): member of the Jewish elite Ruling agent for the Romans  Herodian cultural legacy: Hellenized cultural policies Rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem in classical style Theaters Resorts at Masada Harbor at Caesarea  Deteriorating relations between Judea and the Empire after Herods death Roman procurators (Pontius Pilate) Evidence: Jewish historian Josephus (Jewish Antiquities, The Jewish wars)  1 st century: competing powers  Jewish self-government is weakened Religious and political authority is at stake  Core beliefs common to different Jewish parties: Bible and its interpretation The centrality of the Temple Belief in the coming of a messianic age Priestly party Enjoyed power in Herods remodeled Temple Rejected belief in the Oral Law and the afterlife Oral traditions regarding priestly issues (purity laws, sacrifices) Forerunners of the rabbis Probably alienated from the government...
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HIST115-1.rabbinicculture.fall2010_1 pp - Prof. Francesca...

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