IEEE EDITORIAL STYLE MANUAL
IEEE Editorial Style Manual
This style manual provides editorial guidelines for IEEE Transactions, Journals, and Letters. For spelling
reference, IEEE Publications uses
Webster’s College Dictionary
Edition. For guidance on grammar and usage
not included in this manual, please consult
The Chicago Manual of Style
, published by the University of Chicago
IEEE Transactions Editing Philosophy
The IEEE’s responsibility in editing papers for the Transactions is not to make any determination on or do
any editing of the technical content of the papers we work with, but is instead to render the work as readable,
grammatically correct, and as consistent with IEEE style as possible.
Since we are concerned with style mainly in the sense of IEEE house style, we do not try to change an
author’s style of writing. We do a mechanical edit to correct or question grammatical errors, obvious inconsistencies
or omissions, spelling, and punctuation. Since we work with highly technical text, we also do extensive formatting
of mathematical material.
Parts of a Paper
In the paper title, capitalize the first letter of the first and last word and all the nouns, pronouns, adjectives,
verbs, adverbs, and subordinating conjunctions (
If, Because, That, Which
). Capitalize abbreviations that are
otherwise lowercase (e.g., use DC, not dc or Dc) except for unit abbreviations and acronyms. Articles (
a, an, the
coordinating conjunctions (
and, but, for, or, nor
), and most short prepositions are lowercase unless they are the first
or last word. Prepositions of more than three letters (
Before, Through, With, Without, Versus, Among, Under,
) should be capitalized.
The first footnote is made up of three paragraphs. This footnote is not numbered. All other footnotes in the
paper are numbered consecutively.
The first paragraph contains the
dates of the paper. When a paper has more
than one revised date, list all the dates given.
The second paragraph is made up of the authors’ affiliations. For two or more authors with different
affiliations, use separate sentences and paragraphs for each, using all initials with a surname. Group the authors with
the same affiliation together; list the affiliations according to the order of the authors in the byline.
The third or final paragraph lists the Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
number, assigned by the IEEE.
for the work in the paper is listed next to the first paragraph and not in the
Acknowledgment at the end of the paper.
Body of a Paper
Every published paper must contain an Abstract. Abstracts appear in text in boldface type.
Abstracts shall not contain numbered mathematical equations or numbered references.