ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE- Re-inventing Good Governance

ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE- Re-inventing Good Governance -...

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1 ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE: Re-inventing Good Governance Rogers W ’O Okot-Uma Commonwealth Secretariat London r.okot-uma@commonwealth.int ABSTRACT This article examines the significance of the emergence of Electronic Governance (eGovernance) as a mode of practice in the re-invention of Good Governance. It presents eGovernance as inclusive of Electronic Democracy (eDemocracy), Electronic Government (eGovernment) and Electronic Business (eBusiness), examines the nature and scope of developments in this emerging field and provides a wealth of examples to illustrate essential, embedded concepts and modes of practice. The article introduces the Commonwealth Centre for Electronic Governance (CCfEG) as a special focus centre , to date the only one of its kind in the Commonwealth and beyond, poised to be the organization of choice in moving Commonwealth member countries forward in the use of the new information and communication technologies as a tool for re-inventing Good Governance. 1 Conceptualising Good Governance Good Governance is a concept that has recently come into regular use in political science, public administration and, more particularly, development management. It appears alongside such concepts and terms as democracy, civil society, popular participation, human rights and social and sustainable development. In the last decade, it has been closely associated with public sector reform. The Commonwealth has shown its commitment to good governance through declarations made by Heads of State at their biennial meetings. The Bretton Woods Systems and the Development Agencies have shown their commitment through re-defining their roles and responsibilities in global governance. q The 1991 Harare Commonwealth Declaration, for example, committed member governments to the democratic process and institutions which reflect national circumstances, the rule of law and the independence of the judiciary , just and honest government , fundamental human rights , including equal rights and opportunities for all citizens, regardless of race, colour, creed or political belief. As a goal and vision to be achieved in time, these intentions remain a fundamental milestone in the development agenda of member countries. q Within the public management discipline or profession Good Governance has been regarded as an aspect of the New Paradigm in Public Administration which emphasises the role of public managers in providing high quality services that citizens and diverse communities of interest, communities of expertise and communities of inter-dependence value; advocates increasing managerial autonomy , particularly by reducing central agency controls, demands, measures and rewards, in relation to both organisational and individual performance; recognises the importance of providing the human and technological resources that managers require to meet their performance targets; and is receptive to competition and is open-minded about which public purposes should be performed by public servants as opposed to the private sector. q
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ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE- Re-inventing Good Governance -...

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