Towards an electronic administration

Towards an electronic administration - 02_IRAS68/1 articles...

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Towards an electronic administration? Local information systems, or the web modernization of local administration Lionel Chaty and Carlo Girlanda The expansion of new information and communication technologies ( nict s) is rapidly and drastically changing the way in which social, commercial and institu- tional interactions take place. Often described as the ‘information society’, the society in which we now live is the result of a technological and ideological evolution which, as a result of information digitization, the development of new networks such as the internet and far-reaching changes in the way in which work is organized, has radically changed modes of communication — now based on globalization and high-speed information flows. The government action programme for taking France into the information society 1 recognizes the importance of nict s in modernizing public services. It states that such changes ‘make the conditions for France’s entry into the informa- tion society a decisive issue for the future’. This programme involves ‘access to knowledge and culture, national planning and development, public participation in local life’ and of interest to us — the use of nict s to modernize public services. On this point, the action programme is broadly divided 2 into two major projects: ‘networked administration’ (AdER) and ‘local information systems’ ( lis ). Networked administration: the administrative intranet With the declared goal of making the administration’s routine work more efficient within a context marked by growing interministerial relations, 3 the spe- cific aim of the AdER project is to interconnect the ministries’ networks, with the ministries being responsible for supplying information to the ‘deconcentrated’ services attached to them (services where decision-making powers are transferred to representatives of the central authorities operating at a local level). Each of the ‘ministerial networks/AdER’ must allow all government employees to communi- Lionel Chaty is a Doctor of Political Science, a consultant for Algoé Consultants and lecturer at the University of Picardie and Carlo Girlanda is a former student of the Grande Ecole of Public Management, ENA, a consultant for Andersen France, Government Services Department. The authors would like to thank Charlotte Engelstein (Wanadoo SA) and Michel Blondel (Algoé Consultants) for reading and commenting on this text. CDU: 681.3.352(100) International Review of Administrative Sciences [0020–8523(200203)68:1] Copyright © 2002 IIAS. SAGE Publications (London, Thousand Oaks, CA and New Delhi), Vol.68 (2002), 25–43; 022636
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cate with one another by electronic mail under optimum service and security con- ditions and — subject to specific authorization — to access interministerial work applications hosted by other ministries or by an ad hoc server. This programme has been inspired by the desire to decompartmentalize government by equipping
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Towards an electronic administration - 02_IRAS68/1 articles...

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