Final Review - Final Review 1. Era of the Republicans...

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Final Review 1. Era of the Republicans – Promotion of Business a. Mexico – Article 27 of Mexico’s Constitution, fixed by Bucareli Accords 2. 1 - Clark Memorandum (1928) a. Reexamine the Monroe Doctrine 2 – Great Depression (Crisis of 1929) 3. Principles: mutual understanding between Pan-American countries, preventing non-American empires to acquire territories in the western hemisphere. He put these ideas into practice in different ways. a. One was the 7 th Pan-American conference – Principle of Non-Intervention i. Stated that all the states (countries) enjoy the same rights. Following that idea, the principle said that no state had the right to intervene, internal or domestic, of any other state. All the states must be equal. ii. All the foreigners in a particular country have the same rights as the locals, and cannot demand extra protection (special treatment) (same as Calvo Clause) iii. The territory of another state cannot be the object of military occupation, neither temporary or permanently. b. End of the protectorates i. Cuba (1934) – Treaty – Platt Amendment doesn’t apply anymore. No more risk of communist infiltration. Left Guantanamo Bay ii. Panama – Hull-Alfaro Treaty iii. Haiti (1934), but retained control of customs until 1947 c. Mexico – oil company dispute – Cardenas wanted to nationalize oil companies. US oil companies asked for compensation of $200 million. Cardenas refused and oil companies go to Roosevelt to force payment. He refused and submitted the problem to arbitration. The court decided that it was worth $30 million, which Cardenas paid. d. Export-Import bank (economical side of Good Neighbor Policy) e. Reciprocal Trade Agreement f. Office of Coordination of Inter-American Affairs (1940) (OCIAA) i. Created with the intention of counter-balance Nazi propaganda in Latin America. ii. Cultural interaction between Latin American and the United States (showed movies about the American way of life). Latin American professors came to study American culture. 4. Latin American Involvement in WWII a. As soon as WWII started, Latin American representatives in Panama (1939) created a 300-mile neutrality zone that would be neutral to WWII. The idea was to confine the conflict to Europe.
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b. Following the same pattern, the Act of Havana (1940) was enacted with the intention of keeping WWII away i. Any territorial possession belonging to a non-American state (British Guyana, British Honduras) should be under the control of another American state. For example, if Germany defeated England, English territories in Latin America would not be occupied by Germany, but only by American countries. ii. An aggression against one of the American republics would be considered an aggression against all of the American republics c. Because European countries were all in a war, the United States was able to start replacing European products in Latin America. d.
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Final Review - Final Review 1. Era of the Republicans...

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