Lecture 6 notes (2010-1-13)

Lecture 6 notes (2010-1-13) - H IS 216 Lecture 6 Theodore...

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HIS 216 Lecture 6 1/13/10 Theodore Roosevelt o Big Stick Policy (continued from previous notes) Panama (Panama Canal) French company was to start building this inter-oceanic canal in 1881, however in 1889, the company broke and ran out of resources. o The terrain was completely different (very hard rock) – didn’t have the technology to break through. o Diseases – yellow fever and malaria. Many of the workers died. Made it impossible for Lesseps to build the canal and failed. Only 10% of the canal was built. The same year (1889), the French company sold the rights to build to a United States company called the Panama Canal Company . At the same time, another United States group created the Nicaraguan Canal Company that tried to create a canal through Nicaragua. That’s why McKinley with Congress appointed the Walker Commission to decide which route would be better for building the canal. In 1901, the Commission decided that the best route was in Nicaragua. Unfortunately for Nicaragua, at around the same time, a volcano named Momotombo erupted and caused a huge earthquake there. This made the Walker Commission rethink whether they wanted to build there. Due to this, Congress enacted the Spooner Act (1902) that allowed Congress to purchase the rights from the Panama Canal Company to build the canal. Also, William Cromwell (a republican lobbyist) donated a lot of money to have the canal built in Panama. However, there was still the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (with England), and they had to aggregate it before they could move on to build the canal. So they enacted a new treaty called the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty (1902) that said that the United States could build the canal by itself (as long as the canal could always remain neutral). Now the United States is set on building the canal in Panama, but at the time Panama was part of Colombia. United States had to negotiate with Colombia, so
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the United States and Colombia signed a treaty called the Hay–Herran Treaty (1903) which would lease the United States 12 miles wide of the route of the canal in exchange for $10 million plus $250 thousand each year for 10 years. The Colombian congress did not rectify this treaty. Roosevelt was very mad with this
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIS 216 taught by Professor Jackson,g during the Winter '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Lecture 6 notes (2010-1-13) - H IS 216 Lecture 6 Theodore...

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