Lecture 8 notes (2010-1-15)

Lecture 8 notes (2010-1-15) - HIS 216 Lecture 8 1/15/10...

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HIS 216 Lecture 8 1/15/10 During the same time, 1916, the United States moved into WWI, and the foreign policy towards Latin America changed. Interested went elsewhere. After WWI, the United States went into what is known as the Republican Era (1920) . o Warren Harding (1921 – 1923), Calvin Coolidge (1923 – 1928), and Herbert Hoover (1929 – 1933) During this time, United States foreign policy was focused on one major thing: Promotion of Business. United States wanted to stay out of foreign political affairs. United States invests in private companies. Mexico Constitution (1917) o Article 27 – Any wealth under the soil (subsoil) cannot be transferred to any foreign power or foreign company. o Unfortunately, some United States companies already owned oil in Mexico, such as the Texas Oil Company. This created problems in the United States, and although the United States wanted to stay out of political affairs, they wanted to protect economic interests. o The United States enacts the Bucareli Accords (1923) which stated that anything before the Mexican Constitution of 1917 would not have to follow Article 27. This sparked another anti-American and anti-Imperialist attitude in Latin America (p. 123 and p. 128) o Two major leaders against United States Imperialism: o Jose Ingenieros (1922) The United States was a monster that had no right to do what it was doing in the Latin American countries. Latin American countries should combine to join forces and rise up against the United States. The Monroe Doctrine was originally a protector of Latin America from European powers and its independence, but soon became the source of American abuse and primary threat to Latin America and its resources. o Victor Haya de la Torre (1926) Created APRA in Peru – an anti-Imperialist populist party. He hates the capitalists and believes that the landowners and Latin American elites are the ones that are collaborating and doing business with the evil capitalist empire. This also leads to a class problem. He was the first political leader to put together the aspects of Socialism, Latino-Americanism, and anti-Americanism He wants to form a union of middle-class Latin American people and governments to rise against capitalism Nationalism
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Nicaragua (1924) o The United States wanted to stay out of political affairs, but the president, Emiliano Chamorro, asked for help but the United States denied, so he fell and Juan Sacasa came to power. Mexico was supporting Sacasa, and people inside the United States believed that Sacasa was part of the Soviet communist empire (during the Red Scare). o
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Lecture 8 notes (2010-1-15) - HIS 216 Lecture 8 1/15/10...

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