Lecture 9 notes (2010-1-19)

Lecture 9 notes (2010-1-19) - HIS 216 Lecture 9 World War...

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HIS 216 Lecture 9 1/19/10 World War II - September 1939 – WWII begins in Europe January 1942 – Latin American countries meet in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil o Latin America countries decide to ally with the Allies o Latin America countries will provide raw materials to the Allies o Encourage Latin America countries to suppress any type of Nazi activity. o Argentina and Chile refuse to break off relations with Germany, Japan, and Italy and don’t declare war because they both have long-term relations o They also supported the United States with naval bases Ecuador (Baltra Island) Brazil (Natal and Recife) Consequences of WWII on Latin America: o Process of Democratization As the United States was fighting totalitarian regimes, Latin America countries starting removing dictatorships in government. One example: Nicaragua Nicaragua had a dictator (Anastasio Somoza – 1937-1944) He was overthrown by the United States and they elected Leonardo Arguello . o United States Economic Control of Latin America In 1937, the trade between United States and Mexico represented 56% of Mexico’s GDP In 1940, the trade represented 90% of Mexico’s GDP As we can see, the Good Neighbor Policy developed much better ties with Latin America. That will change with the advent of the Cold War. The Cold War o At the end of WWII both the United States and Soviet Union had an idea as to what post-WWII should look like. On one hand, the United States had two main objectives Avoiding a 2 nd depression Avoiding a WWIII In order to do this, United States foreign policy focused on 3 main ideas.
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Defense of the Principle of Self-Determination – people have the right to defend their own country. Each country has the right to develop its own government without the intervention of a foreign power. Creation of a collective security organization (United Nations), in which the Soviet Union should participate. The preservation of The Great Alliance (the United States, Soviet Union, China, England). Must stay together in order to preserve the peace. o For Soviet Union, the most important thing was to avoid an invasion from Western Europe. They wanted to create a buffer zone to the western border of the Soviet Union. Kennan Telegram (February 1946)
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIS 216 taught by Professor Jackson,g during the Winter '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Lecture 9 notes (2010-1-19) - HIS 216 Lecture 9 World War...

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