Lecture 11 notes (2010-1-21)

Lecture 11 notes (2010-1-21) - HIS 216 Lecture 11 After...

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HIS 216 Lecture 11 1/21/10 After Nixon, John Ford (1974 – 1977) became president (finished up Nixon’s term) o His policy tried to continue Nixon’s – stop Communism. He also believed that Latin America was the sphere of influence of the United States. o Among his key initiatives, wanted to normalize relationships with Cuba. Since 1964, Cuba was out of the OAS. Ford wanted to restart economic relations with Cuba. He had one motivation for doing this; in 1974 , he implemented a Trade Reform inside the United States as a way to fight back the Oil Embargo of OPEC. Ford excluded those countries from the Most Favored Nations (special treatment) [Venezuela, Mexico, and Ecuador]. This affected the relations between these countries, and so Ford supported Détente with Cuba. In July 1975 , Latin American countries and the United States approved that any country was at freedom to restart diplomatic relations with Cuba. While Ford reestablished relations with Cuba, but Castro decided to send troops to Angola, South Africa to fight for their independence to support the Marxist regime. Because of this, the United States did not reestablish relations. At the same time that this negotiation failed, and as a result of the Watergate Affair , Congress started playing a major role in developing foreign policy because the institution of the president was questionable. As a result, Congress developed: o Kennedy Amendment (1974) Because of the cruel dictator (Augusto Pinochet) in Chile, Senator Kennedy proposed that the United States would not sell any type of weapons or military materials to Chile. o International Security and Arms Export Controls Act (1976) Forbid the United States to sell weapons or military materials to any country that violates human rights. James Carter (1977 – 1981) becomes president o The United States will make the defense of Human Rights the keystone of his government. The US will not support cruel regimes. o Said it is time for the United States to develop a foreign policy towards Latin America that supports democratic ideals and fights cruel dictatorships. He cut off, economically and politically, all ties to those Latin American countries. Panama o One of his major actions was the Carter – Torrijos Treaty (1977) The existence of the Panama Canal was being protested, because it was American territory that cut Panama in two.
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Carter negotiated with General Omar Torrijos He was anti-communist, but did believe in social reforms Both the United States and Panama agreed that the canal would always remain neutral The canal would belong to Panama The treaty said that the United States could intervene in any sort of political emergency if the situation would arise in the future. Cuba
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIS 216 taught by Professor Jackson,g during the Winter '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Lecture 11 notes (2010-1-21) - HIS 216 Lecture 11 After...

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