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Study Guide 1

Study Guide 1 - Page 1 of 3 Outline for The Basics and...

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Page 1 of 3 Outline for “The Basics” and “Socialization and Culture” The Basics: Sociology The study of what individuals and groups do, in relation to each other. Macro sociology Like photographers who shoot their photos using a wide-angle lens, these sociologists would rather fit a lot of people into each frame than get detailed images of just a few of them. Micro sociology Like photographers that use a zoom lens, these sociologists focus on a few people at a time and details about each individual. Functionalist perspective – Compares society to the human body; a system that functions as a whole. Any change that disrupts the status quo will have a negative effect on society. (Macro) Conflict perspective – Believe that change and competition between groups causes progress in society. The two groups: the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’ are at constant struggle for control of society. (Macro) Interest groups – People who are united around one cause. They do not necessarily work toether, but they work towards a common goal—a resolution or an impact on society.
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